108 lovely French flower names that will make your vocab bloom

Elinor Zucchet

Do you need some flower power in your life? Flowers are not only a delight for the eyes but also for the brain, as they oxygenate the air.

With such a super power — and because they brighten our days — we thought they merited a dedicated article. If you want to compliment somebody’s garden in a French speaking country, describe a lavender field in Provence or buy flowers for your French moitié, we have exactly what you need.

Keep reading for a colorful, fragrant explosion of flowers in French!

A French bulldog sniffing flowers in French.


Flowers in French

Les fleurs sont le langage de l’amour. And if that’s not clear enough, you can also have a look at these ways to say I love you in French. But first things first. In French, “flower” is “fleur”. “Flowers”, “fleurs”. The pronunciation is a bit tricky though. Check out this video to practice.

National flower of France and Paris

France’s national flower is world famous, but the translation is not always correct. Confusingly enough, the royal embleme “fleur-de-lys” is not a lily, but a sweet iris.

France national flower fleur-de-lys.

EnglishFrench (Singular)IPA
Sweet IrisFleur-de-lysflœɾ-dəlis

Other flowers of France

The list below includes some of the most beloved French wildflowers. Hmmm, it feels like le printemps, don’t you think?

Borage in French.

EnglishFrench (Singular)IPA
BorageBourracheburaʃə
ChicoryChicoréeʃikɔɾeə
PoppyCoquelicotkɔkəliko
DaisyPâquerettepɑkəɾɛtə
CowslipCoucoukuku
ThistleChardonʃaɾdõ
CornflowerBleuetblɛœ
Damask nigellaNigelle de Damasniʒɛlə də dama
HoneysuckleChèvrefeuilleʃɛvɾəfœjə
MallowMauvemovə
DandelionPissenlitpisɑ̃li
ButtercupBouton-d’orbutõ-dɔɾ
VioletViolettevjɔlɛtə
PrimrosePrimevèrepɾiməvɛɾə
FumitoryFumeterrefymətɛrə
CosmosCosmoskɔsmo
ChamomileCamomillekamɔmijə
CrocusCrocuskɾɔky
Lily of the valleyMuguetmyge
ColchicumColchiquekɔlʃikə
TulipTulipetylipə
DaffodilJonquilleʒõkijə
Wild garlicAil des oursajdez‿ uɾ
Lady's slipperSabot de Vénussabo də veny

More names of flowers in French

Too many names of flowers in French? Stop and smell the roses, because we have more. From sunflowers in French to marigolds in French, here is a sunny bouquet for you.

Woman smelling marigolds and flowers in French.

English French (Singular)IPA
RoseRoseɾozə
SunflowerTournesoltuɾnəsɔl
PeonyPivoinepivwanə
AcaciaAcaciaakasja
AcanthusAcanthusakɑ̃ty
AmaranthAmaranteamaɾɑ̃tə
AngelicaAngéliqueɑ̃ʒelikə
BellflowerCampanulekɑ̃panylə
BindweedLiseronlizəɾõ
BlackthornPrunellierpɾynɛlje
BurdockBardanebaɾdanə
Christmas aconiteAconit de Noëlakɔni də noɛl
CinquefoilQuintefeuillekɛ̃təfœjə
ClianthusClianthuskljɑ̃ty
Clove pinkGiroflée roseʒiɾɔfleə ɾozə
ColumbineAncolieɑ̃kɔljə
ColtsfootTussilagetysilaʒə
CrowfootTrompette des champstɾõpɛtəde ʃɑ̃
DahliaDahliadalja
DodderCuscutekyskytə
Dragon-plantDragonnierdɾagɔnje
FieldrushJonc des champsʒõkde ʃɑ̃
MarigoldSoucisusi
FoxgloveDigitale pourprediʒitalə puɾpɾə
GeraniumGéraniumʒeɾanjɔm
GoosefootChénopode blancʃenɔpɔdə blɑ̃k
HedysarumHedysarumɛdizaɾœ̃
HeathBruyèrebɾɥjɛɾə
HibiscusHibiscusibisky
HollyHouxuks
HornbeamCharmeurʃaɾmœɾ
HortensiaHortensiaɔɾtɑ̃sja
HyacinthJacintheʒasɛ̃tə
IrisIrisiɾi
IvyLierreljɛrə
JessamineJasminʒasmɛ̃
KalmiaKalmiakalmja
LarchMélèzemelɛzə
LaurelLaurierlɔɾje
LaurestineLaurestinelɔɾɛstinə
LavenderLavandelavɑ̃də
LichenLichenliʃɛ̃
LilacLilaslila
LilyLyslis
MandrakeMandragoremɑ̃dɾagɔɾə
MarigoldSoucisusi
MarshmallowGuimauvegimovə
Marvel of PeruMerveille du Péroumɛɾvɛjə dy peɾu
MeadowsweetReine des présɾəinəde pɾe
MezereonMezereonməzəɾɛõ
MistletoeGuigi
MotherwortAgripaumeagɾipomə
MyrtleMyrtemiɾtə
NarcissusNarcissenaɾsisə
NettleOrtieɔɾtjə
NightshadeMillepertuismijəpɛɾtɥi
Orange blossomFleur d’orangerflœɾ dɔɾɑ̃ʒe
OrchidOrchidéeɔɾʃideə
PansyPenséepɑ̃seə
Passion flowerPassiflorepasiflɔɾə
PeriwinklePervenchepɛɾvɑ̃ʃə
Pink MuskRose musquéeɾozə myskeə
Queen of the MeadowReine des présɾəinəde pɾe
ReedRoseauɾozo
RestharrowPhragmite des préspɾagmitəde pɾe
RosebayÉpilobe epilɔbə
Round-leaved sundewDrosophile à feuilles rondesdɾozɔpil a fœjə ɾõdə
SilverweedRenouée des oiseauxɾənweədez‿ wazo
SnowdropPerce-neigepɛɾsə-nɛʒə
SuccorySuccisesykizə
TuberoseTubéreusetybeɾøzə
Water lilyNénupharnenypaɾ
WoadGuèdegɛdə
Wood AnemoneAnémone des boisanemɔnədebwɑ
Wood sorrelOseille des boisozɛjədebwɑ
WormwoodAbsintheapsɛ̃tə
XerophyllumXerophyllumgzəɾɔpilœ̃
XeranthemumXeranthemumgzəɾɑ̃təmœ̃
XyrisXyrisgziɾi
YewIfif
Yellow WaxbellsJacinthe des boisʒasɛ̃tədebwɑ
ZephyranthesZéphyrantheszepiɾɑ̃tə

More handy floral words to add to your French vocabulary bouquet

If you love flowers, these will come in handy. A wonderful addition to learning fruits and vegetables in French!

Preparing a bouquet of flowers at a florist in France.

English French (Singular)IPA
PetalsPétalespetalə
PlantPlanteplɑ̃tə
StemTigetiʒə
RootsRacinesɾasinə
LeavesFeuillesfœjə
PollenPollenpɔlɛ̃
SeedsGrainesgɾɛnə
BouquetBouquetbuke
FloristFleuristeflœɾistə
BudBourgeonbuɾʒɛõ
BlossomFleurs/En fleurflœɾ/ɑ̃flœɾ

Where/how to go flower shopping at a market or supermarket

Best flower shops in Paris

Are you looking to impress? According to this magazine, these are the best fleuristes in Paris. And, every year, the best artisan fleuriste de France is elected.

Typically, you can also buy flowers at most street marchés. Large supermarkets also sell flowers, but the quality is not always great.

How to order from a vendor?

  • To buy a flower bouquet, you can say: “Bonjour, je voudrais ce bouquet, s’il vous plaît."
  • If you haven’t made up your mind yet and need advice, you can say: “Bonjour, je souhaiterais offrir des fleurs à une amie.”

Important etiquette to keep in mind when shopping for flowers

Many people still apply flower etiquette. For example, pick your color wisely depending on the message you want to convey.

To give a bunch of 11 red roses in French is a symbol of passionate love.

  • Red flowers, especially roses, are typically associated with passionate love.
  • Yellow is a great color for a friend.
  • White means purity, innocence, and is common for weddings. (And if you want to brush up on your colors in French, here’s where to look.)
  • Avoid chrysanthemums — except for a funeral or to decorate a tomb — and red carnations, which are a sign of ill will.
  • Finally, always pick an odd number of flowers. 11 roses, for example. C’est le bouquet ! (French expression meaning “That takes the cake”).

Who doesn’t like flowers? In a meadow or in your garden, they are a key player in pollination, and therefore essential for our planet. They’re also a welcomed gift in any situation.

So, if you visit some friends or are invited to dinner in France, a bouquet de fleurs is always a good idea. We hope the vocabulary above will help you to make a good impression. Even better, combine your bouquet with a friendly Bonjour in French!

We say goodbye with a superb, joyful French ode to flowers and freedom:

Le pouvoir des fleurs, from Laurent Voulzy.

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