113 yummy vegetables in French to make your vocab more tasty

To take your French to the high standards of French cuisine, you’ll have to learn all about the vegetables in French.

French cuisine is world-renowned for its bread and cheeses, but fresh vegetables make up a huge part of the culinary scene in France. The popular dish ratatouille (no relation to animated rats!) is a colorful display of aubergine, courgette, tomate, and even more tasty veggies.

And what better way to add some flavor to your French experience than by learning all the vegetables? Of course, you could simply learn how to say vegetables and the names of a handful of veggies, but then your meals wouldn’t be nearly as flavorful. Plus, learning French is all about pushing your boundaries to become fully proficient in this beautiful language!

And even if you’re not a professional chef—or even a good cook—you can benefit greatly from learning how to talk about vegetables!

This handy guide will show you how to talk about any vegetable like a pro. With over a hundred different vegetables and their French translations, this list is sure to cover all your favorites.

Allez-y !

Chef prepares new vegetable dish for restaurant owners in French.

Free French vegetables poster

Print out this free and fun vegetables poster and stick it on your fridge. If you can memorize this list of some of the more popular vegetables in French, you'll be on your way to sounding like a local.

Free French vegetables poster.

Why learn how to say vegetables in French

French restaurants will become a lot more fun

No matter where you are in the world, there’s likely at least one French restaurant nearby. French food is considered some of the best in the world and, for some reason, French restaurants seem adamant about listing every menu item in French, regardless of the local language.

Next time you visit a French restaurant, you’ll be able to decipher all the ingredients like a real pro. With over a hundred veggies under your belt, you’ll be more than capable of understanding each dish, as well as requesting any modifications you may need from the server.

Plus, being able to flawlessly read and pronounce a French menu can be a great way to impress a special someone. Next time you want to go on a date, you can suggest a great French restaurant to show off your lovely language skills. You could even practice some romantic expressions in French too!

You’ll be able to follow French recipes

What better way to learn how to cook French food than by learning directly from the locals? Once you’ve mastered all the veggies in this list, you’ll be able to cook some great new French recipes that you may or may not have heard of before.

Luckily, YouTube is full of fantastic (and free!) cooking videos from French chefs. Below is a video from 750g, a French cooking YouTube channel with hundreds of French-language cooking videos for you to practice your French (and cooking skills!).

French cooking shows will become a blast

If you’re a fan of shows like Master Chef or The Great British Bake Off, get ready for French cooking shows. Not only are they a ton of fun, but they are also great ways to learn French. People on these shows tend to describe what they are doing as they are doing it, which will help you develop your listening skills tremendously.

Here are some great shows to get you started:

  • Chef’s Table: France
  • Martin sur la route
  • Top chef France

List of vegetables in French

Now, let’s get into the potatoes of this article: how to say vegetables in French. But first, let’s discuss how to actually say vegetables.

Perhaps a little bit surprisingly, vegetables is les légumes (leh lay-goom) in French. Yep, légumes means vegetables. What you’re thinking of is les ​​légumineuses (leh lay-goo-me-noss). A little tricky, right?

Let’s recap:

  • Vegetables = les légumes
  • Legumes = les légumineuses

But that’s it! That’s really the trickiest part about learning vegetables for English speakers. With enough practice, you’ll train your brain to no longer associate légumes with legumes. Trust us!

Now it’s time for our comprehensive list of vegetables in French. We’ve broken them down into different types of vegetables (including legumes!) to make it easier to digest.

We’ve included over 100 different veggies, which may seem a lot, but we just couldn’t narrow it down! Vegetables come in all shapes, sizes, and colors, so learning all these vegetables will drastically improve your vocabulary.

Root vegetables in French

Root vegetables are incredibly popular in French cooking. French stews tend to be very thick, and they’re usually made with lots of carrots and celery. So if you want to learn all the légumes du marché (the vegetables in the market), you’ll have to start with learning how to say carrot in French.

Root vegetables and carrots in French.

English French IPA Spelling Pronunciation
Carrot La carotte la kaʁɔt La kah-rot
Parsnip Le panais lə panɛ Luh pah-neh
Turnip Le navet lə navɛ Luh nah-veh
Beet La betterave la bɛtʁav La bet-rav
Celeriac Le céleri-rave lə seləʁiʁav Luh seh-leh-rie-rav
Daikon Le daïkon lə daikɔ̃ Luh dah-e-kon
Parsley root La racine de persil la ʁasin də pɛʁsi La rah-seen duh pear-see
Radish Le radis lə ʁadi Luh rah-dee
Salsify root La racine de salsifis la ʁasin də salsifi La rah-seen duh sal-see-fee
Swede Le rutabaga lə ʁytabaɡa Luh roo-tah-bah-ga
Horseradish Le ​​raifort lə ʁɛfɔʁ Luh reh-e-for
Yucca Le yucca lə juka Luh yoo-kah
Fennel Le fenouil lə fənuj Luh fuh-nu-e
Ginger Le gingembre lə ʒɛ̃ʒɑ̃bʁ Luh zhuh-zhem-bruh
Jicama Le pois patate lə pwa patat Luh poo-ah pah-tat
Water chestnut La châtaigne d'eau la ʃatɛɲ do La sha-teh-nye d-oh

Tuber vegetables in French

Tubers are not to be confused with root vegetables. Although very similar, tuber vegetables are an edible part of a plant, as opposed to root vegetables, which are edible plants. Potatoes, for example, are tubers and not root vegetables. And you know who loves a potato? The French!

Indeed, potatoes are the favorite vegetable of French people. Who knew the land of the French fries (they’re actually from Belgium, but that’s a different story) would be full of potato enthusiasts.

Tuber and yams in French.

English French IPA Spelling Pronunciation
Potato La pomme de terre la pɔm də tɛʁ La pom duh ter
Sweet Potato La patate douce la patat dus La pah-tat doos
Yam L’igname liɲam Lah-nyam
Cassava Le manioc lə manjɔk Luh mah-knee-ok
Jerusalem artichoke Le topinambour lə tɔpinɑ̃buʁ Luh toh-pee-nam-boor
Taro Le taro lə taʁo Luh tah-ro

Bulb vegetables in French

What better way to start a dish than by sautéing some onion and garlic? Bulb vegetables are essential parts to every meal, as little veggies like chives and scallions can really help give your dish a spicy kick that’ll bring out all the other flavors.

English French IPA Spelling Pronunciation
Onion L’oignon lɔɲɔ̃ Loh-nyon
Red onion L’oignon rouge lɔɲɔ̃ ʁuʒ Loh-nyon rouge
Garlic L’ail laj Lay
Shallot L'échalote leʃalɔt Leh-sha-lot
Chives La ciboulette la sibulɛt La see-boo-let
Scallions L’oignon vert lɔɲɔ̃ vɛʁ Loh-nyon ver
Fennel bulb La tête de fenouil la tɛt də fənuj La tet duh fuh-nu-e
Leek Le poireau lə pwaʁo Luh pua-roh

Stems and shoots in French

Sometimes, we avoid eating the stems off of leafy greens. Other times, the stems are the main attraction. Veggies like asparagus, celery, and hearts of palm can be the star of the show in many dishes, whereas others like rhubarb and lemongrass can be a more subtle complement to complex flavors.

Asparagus and stems in French.

English French IPA Spelling Pronunciation
Asparagus L’asperge laspɛʁʒ Las-persh
White asparagus L’asperge blanche laspɛʁʒə blɑ̃ʃ Las-persh blansh
Celery Le céleri lə seləʁi Luh seh-leh-rie
Heart of palm Le cœur de palmier lə kœʁ də palmje Le korr duh pal-me-eh
Bamboo shoots Les pousses de bambous le pus də bɑ̃bu Leh poos duh bam-boo
Kohlrabi Le chou-rave lə ʃuʁav Luh shoo-rav
Rhubarb La rhubarbe la ʁybaʁb La roo-barb
Lemongrass La citronnelle la sitʁɔnɛl La see-tro-nelle

Flower vegetables in French

Flower vegetables are the gift that keeps on giving. Just ask cauliflower, who has had a very busy couple of years. From being rice, to pizza crust, to even pasta, cauliflower has mastered the art of shape-shifting. Simply by learning how to say cauliflower in French, you’ll be able to expertly navigate any vegan restaurant menu in France.

English French IPA Spelling Pronunciation
Cauliflower Le chou-fleur lə ʃuflœʁ Luh shoo-flur
Artichoke L’artichaut laʁtiʃo Lar-tee-shoh
Broccoli Le brocoli lə bʁɔkɔli Luh bro-co-lee
Broccolini Le brocolini lə bʁɔkɔlini Luh bro-co-lee-knee
Zucchini La courgette la kuʁʒɛt La koor-zhet
Pumpkin flower La fleur de citrouille la flœʁ də sitʁuj La flur duh see-troo-e

Fungi and mushrooms in French

Mushroom culture in France is unlike anywhere else in the world. Just like Americans like to go fishing, the French like to go picking mushrooms. Mushroom foraging is something that many children and adults enjoy doing in their spare time.

If you enjoy mushrooms and want to learn more, there’s even a mushroom museum in western France. And if you’d like something even more hands-on, you can visit Espace Rambouillet, a popular park for mushroom foraging near the outskirts of Paris.

Mushrooms in French restaurant.

English French IPA Spelling Pronunciation
Button mushroom Le champignon de Paris lə ʃɑ̃piɲɔ̃ də paʁi Luh sham-pee-nyo duh pah-ree
Enoki mushroom Le champignon enoki lə ʃɑ̃piɲɔ̃ ənɔki Luh sham-pee-nyo eh-no-key
Oyster mushroom Le pleurote lə plœʁɔt Luh pluh-roh
Porcini mushroom Les cèpes le sɛp Leh sep
Black trumpet mushroom La trompette de la mort la tʁɔ̃pɛt də la mɔʁ La trom-pet duh la mor
Portobello mushroom Le champignon portobello lə ʃɑ̃piɲɔ̃ pɔʁtɔbelo Luh sham-pee-nyo por-toh-beh-lo
Shiitake mushroom Le champignon shiitake lə ʃɑ̃piɲɔ̃ ʃiitak Luh sham-pee-nyo she-tah-kay
Blue foot mushroom Le pied bleu lə pje blø Luh pee-eh bluh
Girolle mushroom La girolle la ʒiʁɔl La zhee-rol
Hedgehog mushroom Le pied de mouton lə pje də mutɔ̃ Luh pee-eh duh moo-toh
Red pine mushroom Le lactaire délicieux lə laktɛʁ delisjø Luh lac-ter day-lee-see-uh
Truffle La truffe la tʁyf La troof

Leaves in French

This section will be interesting for any English speaker. The French word for lettuce is something you’re already familiar with: la salade. So, then, how do you say salad in French, you may ask? Also la salade. Simple, right?

If you want to be very specific, there is another word for lettuce that you can use: la laitue (la leh-too). However, la salade is much more common in everyday conversation.

English French IPA Spelling Pronunciation
Lettuce La salade la salad La sa-lad
Iceberg lettuce La salade iceberg la salad‿ ajsbɛʁɡ La sa-lad ice-berg
Romaine lettuce La salade romaine la salad ʁɔmɛn La sa-lad roh-men
Lamb’s lettuce La mâche la maʃ La mash
Kale Le chou frisé lə ʃu fʁize Luh shoo free-say
Cabbage Le chou lə ʃu Luh shoo
Spinach L’épinard lepinaʁ Lay-pee-nar
Arugula La roquette la ʁɔkɛt La roh-ket
Bok choy Le bok choy lə bɔk ʃɔj Luh bok-choy
Brussels sprouts Les choux de Bruxelles le ʃu də bʁysɛl Les shoo duh broo-sel
Radicchio Le radicchio lə ʁadikʃjo Luh rah-dee-key-oh
Chard Les bettes le bɛt Leh bet
Watercress Le cresson lə kʁesɔ̃ Luh cray-soh
Collard greens Le chou vert lə ʃu vɛʁ Luh shoo ver
Dandelion Le pissenlit lə pisɑ̃li Le pee-sah-lee
Endive L’endive lɑ̃div Lah-deev
Mustard greens Les feuilles de moutarde le fœj də mutaʁd Leh fuh-ee duh moo-tar

“Fruit” vegetables in French

We’re all guilty of grouping some of these fruits with vegetables. Even though they like to hang out with the veggies, these impostor vegetables were actually fruits all along.

Regardless, they’ve earned a spot in our list of vegetables because we all deserve to be whoever we want to be.

Fruit vegetables and tomatoes in French.

English French IPA Spelling Pronunciation
Tomato La tomate la tɔmat La toh-mat
Tomatillo La petite tomate la pətit tɔmat La puh-teet toh-mat
Cucumber Le concombre lə kɔ̃kɔ̃bʁ Luh con-com-bruh
Eggplant L’aubergine lobɛʁʒin Loh-ber-zheen
Plantain Le plantain lə plɑ̃tɛ̃ Luh plah-tah
Pumpkin La citrouille la sitʁuj La see-troo-ee
Chili Le chili lə ʃili Luh chee-lee
Bell pepper Le poivron lə pwavʁɔ̃ Luh pua-vroh
Cayenne pepper Le poivre de Cayenne lə pwavʁə də kajɛn Luh pua-vruh duh kah-yen
Habanero L’habanero labanʁo Lah-bah-neh-roh
Jalapeño Le jalapeño lə ʒalapəo Luh ha-la-peh-nyo
Peperoncino Le peperoncino lə pəpʁɔ̃sino Luh peh-peh-ron-chee-no
Okra Le gombo lə ɡɔ̃bo Luh gom-boh
Spaghetti Squash La courge spaghetti la kuʁʒə spaɡɛti La koorsh spa-geh-tee
Chayote La chayotte la ʃɛjɔt La sha-yot
Bitter melon La margose la maʁɡoz La mar-goss
Winter melon La courge cireuse la kuʁʒə siʁøz La koorsh see-ruz
Jackfruit Le jacquier lə ʒakje Le zha-key-eh
Vanilla La vanille la vanij La vah-nee-yuh

Seeds (legumes) in French

As previously discussed, legumes are légumineuses and vegetables are légumes. Now say it out loud! Say it three times!

The sooner you can drill this down, the sooner you will stop getting confused every time someone brings up vegetables and legumes in French. With enough practice, you’ll nail down the difference in no time!

Legumes and edamame in French.

English French IPA Spelling Pronunciation
Beans Les haricots le aʁiko Les ah-re-coh
Black beans Les haricots noirs le aʁiko nwaʁ Les ah-re-coh nwar
Pinto beans Les haricots pinto le aʁiko pɛ̃to Les ah-re-coh peen-toh
Kidney beans Les haricots rouges le aʁiko ʁuʒ Les ah-re-coh roosh
Fava beans Les fèves le fɛv Leh fev
Green beans Les haricots verts le aʁiko vɛʁ Les ah-re-coh ver
Chickpea Le pois chiche lə pwa ʃiʃ Luh pua sheesh
Edamame L’edamame lədamam Lay-dah-mam
Peas Les pois le pwa Leh pua
Snow peas Les pois mangetout le pwa mɑ̃ʒtu Leh pua mansh-too
Snap peas Les pois gourmands le pwa ɡuʁmɑ̃ Leh pua goor-mah
Lentil La lentille la lɑ̃tij La luh-tee-y
Peanut Le cacahuète lə kakaɥɛt Luh kah-kah-uet
Soybean La soja la sɔʒa La soh-yah
Corn Le maïs lə mais Luh meh-is

Sea vegetables in French

If you’re a fan of sushi and Japanese cuisine as a whole, you’ll want to get acquainted with the sea veggies in French. Next time you find yourself in a French-speaking region, you’ll be able to get your sushi fix with ease once you know the sea vegetables.

Nori seaweed in French.

English French IPA Spelling Pronunciation
Nori Le nori lə nɔʁi Luh noh-ree
Wakame Le wakame lə wakam Luh wa-kam
Green laver La lave verte la lav vɛʁt La lav ver
Sea lettuce La laitue de mer la lɛty də mɛʁ La leh-too duh mer
Kelp Le varech lə vaʁɛk Luh va-resh
Sea moss La mousse de mer la mus də mɛʁ La moose duh mer

Tips for memorizing the vegetables in French

Woman reading menu to learn vegetables in French.

Frequent your local French restaurants

As previously discussed, French restaurants are notorious for not taking French off the menu. Perhaps it’s a part of the romantic and chic allure of going to a French restaurant, ordering some soupe d'oignon to start, a glass of cabernet sauvignon, and a boeuf bourguignon. And, why not, some crème brulée for dessert!

Frequenting your local French restaurants will not only expose you to a wonderful culinary experience but will also allow you to work on your French. Ask a staff member if they have any French-speaking staff at the restaurant. See if they’ll be able to take your order in French or at least help you correct your pronunciation.

And, even if they don’t have French-speaking staff members, you can still use this as an opportunity to practice your French pronunciation out in public.

Listen to French vegetable songs

One of the greatest things about the internet is that you can find basically anything you might need. If you’re the type of person who likes to learn languages by listening to music, then you’re in for a treat.

Here’s a fun and catchy song about the vegetables that you can use to memorize some of the most common vegetables. It also talks about vegetables that come in different colors, so it will help you master the colors in French as well.

Learn about French markets on YouTube

If you’ve been to France before, especially to towns and smaller cities, you’ll know how popular open-air fruit and vegetable markets are. If you can’t physically go to a French market, you can always turn to YouTube for great tours of some of the best markets in France.

Here’s a video that will take you through the fruit and vegetable section of marché de Rungis, the largest food market in the world!

French idioms about vegetables

If you’ve been studying French online or in-person, you may have realized that the French love their idioms. Seemingly nonsensical phrases are scattered through everyday conversation, leaving those who don’t know the context wondering what the other person meant.

Luckily, you can learn the meaning behind many new French idioms now that you know over a hundred veggies in French. A lot of these idioms also incorporate some French slang, so if you’re unfamiliar, you might want to go check out our blog post before you proceed.

Here are some of our favorite French idioms involving vegetables.

French Idiom IPA Spelling Pronunciation English meaning
Les carottes sont cuites le kaʁɔt sɔ̃ kɥit Lay kah-rot soh koo-eet Your fate is sealed
C’est la fin des haricots sɛ la fɛ̃ de aʁiko Say la fah des ah-re-koh Game over
Occupe-toi de tes oignons ɔkyptwa də tez‿ ɔɲɔ̃ Oh-coupe-too-ah duh tes oh-nyoh Mind your own business
Raconter des salades ʁakɔ̃te de salad Rah-koh-teh deh sah-lad To make up stories
Carroter kaʁɔte Kah-ro-teh To swindle
Mettre du beurre dans les épinards mɛtʁə dy bœʁ dɑ̃ lez‿ epinaʁ Meh-truh doo burr dah les ay-pee-nar To increase your income
Mon chou mɔ̃ ʃu Moh shoe My dear
C’est un navet ! sɛt‿ ɛ̃ navɛ Seht oon nah-veh This is awful!
Se prendre le chou sə pʁɑ̃dʁə lə ʃu Suh pran-druh luh shoe To argue with a friend
Poireauter pwaʁote Poo-ah-roh-teh To wait for a long time
Être rouge comme une tomate ɛtʁə ʁuʒ kɔm‿ yn tɔmat Eh-truh roosh come oon toh-mat To turn red like a tomato
Ne pas avoir un radis nə pa avwaʁ‿ ɛ̃ ʁadi Nuh pas ah-voo-ar ah rah-dee to be completely broke
Faire quelque chose aux petits oignons fɛʁ kɛlkə ʃoz‿ o pətiz‿ ɔɲɔ̃ Fehr kell-kuh shoss oh puh-teet oh-nyoh To do something very carefully
Appuyer sur le champignon apɥije syʁ lə ʃɑ̃piɲɔ̃ Ah-poo-eh-yeh sur luh sham-pee-nyoh To step on the gas
Avoir un pois chiche dans la tête avwaʁ‿ ɛ̃ pwa ʃiʃ dɑ̃ la tɛt Ah-voo-ar ah poo-ah sheesh dah la tet To have a pea brain
Se prendre une châtaigne sə pʁɑ̃dʁ‿ yn ʃatɛɲ Suh pran-druh oon sha-teh-nye To be punched
Avoir un cœur d’artichaut avwaʁ‿ ɛ̃ kœʁ daʁtiʃo Ah-voo-ar ah korr dar-tee-shoh Someone who falls in love easily
Avoir la patate avwaʁ la patat Ah-voo-ar la pah-tat To feel great

Don’t forget to learn your veggies!

We know that learning over a hundred new words is no small potatoes. But, just the fact that you got to the end of this article shows that you are committed to the cause and will soon master saying all the vegetable names in the French language!

Using our tips and strategies will help you learn all the vegetables like a pro. And if you feel like you’ve already got a pretty good grasp on the veggies, why stop there? Check out our French language blog for even more awesome guides on all kinds of French vocabulary.

As always, get in touch with us if you have any questions about learning French and we’d be happy to help.

Thanks for reading and à bientôt !

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