Grow your vocabulary with our complete guide to flowers in Spanish

Flowers remind us of the beauty of the world, and this is a feeling that often transcends cultures. Learning how to say the names of flowers in Spanish will help you appreciate beauty in a whole new way.

If you’ve been studying Spanish for a while, you’ve probably realized what a romantic language Spanish can be. Beyond straightforward ways to say “I love you” in Spanish, flowers can help us express beauty in ways that cannot be adequately expressed with words.

After all, a bouquet of flowers can represent many things–from an expression of a lifelong commitment to marriage to heartfelt condolences after someone’s passing. That’s why it’s so important to learn about flowers in Spanish, as this will help you better cope with the wide range of human emotions.

Plus, flowers are uniquely important in Spanish-speaking cultures. Stick around until the end to find out exciting new meanings for flowers that you may not have thought of!

Flowers in Spanish

The first thing you’ll want to learn is how to actually say “flower” and “flowers” in Spanish. Luckily for you, this translation sounds very similar to English, so you should have no trouble talking about flowers in no time.

English Spanish IPA Pronunciation
Flower La flor ˈfloɾ flor
Flowers Las flores ˈfloɾes floh-res

Most popular flowers in Spanish

Flowers are incredibly diverse. Perhaps so much more so than any of us can imagine. With thousands and thousands of flower variations all over the world, it’s likely impossible to learn every single one–even if you decide to pursue a career in botany.

With that said, we’ve compiled a list of 268 names of flowers in Spanish so you can start talking about your favorite ones right away, no matter where you live. No prior botanic experience required!

Let’s get started with 30 of the most popular flowers in Spanish.

Pansies are popular flowers in Spanish.

English Spanish IPA Pronunciation
Daisy La maya ˈmaʝa mah-ya
Gardenia La gardenia ɣaɾˈðenja gar-deh-nee-ah
Orchid La orquídea oɾˈkiðea or-key-deh-ah
Tulip El tulipán tuliˈpãn too-lee-pan
Marigold La margarita maɾɣaˈɾita mar-gah-ree-tah
Azalea La azalea asaˈlea ah-zah-leh-ah
Geranium xɛˈɾaneo heh-ra-neh-oh
Lavender La lavanda laˈβãnda la-vahn-dah
Zinnia La zinnia ˈsĩnnja zee-nee-ah
Rose La rosa ˈrosa ro-sa
Sunflower El girasol xiɾaˈsol he-ra-sol
Poppy La amapola amaˈpola ah-ma-poh-la
Periwinkle La teresita tɛɾeˈsita teh-reh-see-ta
Daffodil El narciso naɾˈsiso nar-see-so
Petunia La petunia pɛˈtunja peh-too-nee-ah
Violet La violeta βjoˈlɛta vee-oh-leh-tah
Dusty miller La dusty miller ˈðusti miˈʝɛɾ dusty miller
Hyacinth El jacinto xaˈsĩnto ha-seen-toh
Hibiscus La jamaica xaˈmai̯ka ha-mah-e-cah
Hydrangea La hortensia oɾˈtɛ̃nsja or-ten-see-ah
Jasmine El jasmín xas̬ˈmĩn has-meen
Lilac La lila ˈlila lee-la
Poinsettia La noche buena ˈnoʧe ˈβwena no-che boo-eh-na
Calendula La caléndula kaˈlɛ̃ndula kah-len-doo-la
Lily El lirio ˈliɾjo lee-ree-oh
Pansy El pensamiento pɛ̃nsaˈmjɛ̃nto pen-sa-me-en-toh
Primrose La primavera pɾimaˈβɛɾa pree-ma-ver-ah
Alyssum El aliso aˈliso ah-lee-so
Verbena La verbena βɛɾˈβena ver-beh-na
Snapdragon La boca de dragón ˈβoka ðe ðɾaˈɣõn bo-ca deh dra-gon

Common flowers in Spanish

If you’re studying Spanish, whether online or through an immersive experience, chances are that you’re an adventurous person. As one, you’ve probably traveled to some foreign countries before (perhaps one of the 21 Spanish-speaking countries?) and have seen first-hand how ridiculously diverse flowers can be.

Below you’ll find a list with the names of some of the most common flowers in the world in Spanish. No matter where in the world you’re located, you’re sure to be familiar with some of the flowers on this list!

Bergenia are common flowers in Spanish.

English Spanish IPA Pronunciation
Aster El aster asˈtɛɾ as-ter
Chrysanthemum El crisantemo kɾisãnˈtemo cree-san-teh-mo
Delphinium La espuela de caballero ɛsˈpwela ðe kaβaˈʝɛɾo es-poo-eh-la deh cah-ba-yeh-ro
Juniper El enebro eˈneβɾo eh-neh-bro
Iris La iris ˈiɾis e-rees
Begonia La begonia βeˈɣonja beh-go-nee-ah
Camellia La camelia kaˈmelja cah-meh-lee-ah
Abutilon El amantillo amãnˈtiʝo ah-ma-ran-tee-yo
Clematis La clemátide kleˈmatiðe cleh-ma-tee-deh
Forget me not El nomeolvides mjoˈsotis no-meh-ol-vee-des
Snowdrop La campanilla de invierno kãmpaˈniʝa ðe ĩ̯mˈbjɛɾno cam-pa-nee-ya deh in-vee-air-no
California Poppy La amapola de California amaˈpola ðe kaliˈfoɾnja ah-ma-poh-la deh ca-lee-for-nee-ah
Cardinal flower La cardenala encarnada kaɾðeˈnala ɛ̃nkaɾˈnaða car-deh-na-la en-car-na-da
Water lilies Las ninfeáceas nĩmfeˈaseas neen-fah-seh-as
Columbine La aguileña aɣiˈleɲa ah-gee-leh-nya
Foxglove La dedalera ðeðaˈlɛɾa deh-da-leh-ra
Lantana La lantana lãnˈtana lan-ta-na
Lobelia La lobelia loˈβelja loh-beh-lee-ah
Aconite El acónito aˈkonito ah-koh-nee-toh
African Daisy La arcotis aɾˈkotis ar-koh-tees
Laelia La laelia laˈelja la-eh-lee-ah
Agapanthus El agapanto aɣaˈpãnto ah-ga-pan-toh
Statice La lavanda marina laˈβãnda maˈɾina la-van-da ma-ree-na
Peruvian lily El lirio peruano ˈliɾjo pɛˈɾwano lee-re-oh peh-roo-ah-no
Amaranthus El amaranto amaˈɾãnto ah-ma-ran-toh
Bluebonnets El lupino luˈpino loo-pee-no
Amaryllis La añañuca aɲaˈɲuka ah-nya-nyu-cah
Lavatera La malva ˈmalβa mal-va
Anemone La anémona aˈnemona ah-neh-mo-na
Anise El anís aˈnis ah-nees
Ballota La ballota βaˈʝota bah-yo-ta
Duranta La duranta ðuˈɾãnta doo-ran-ta
Bellflower La campanula kãmpaˈnula cam-pa-noo-la
Bergenia La bergenia βɛɾˈxenja behr-heh-nee-ah
Black-eyed Susan La rudbeckia bicolor ruðˈβek̚kja βikoˈloɾ rood-beck-e-ah be-co-lor
Wildflowers Las flores salvajes ˈfloɾes salˈβaxes flo-res sal-va-hehs
Larkspur La consolida kõnsoˈliða con-so-lee-da
Bletilla La bletilla βlɛˈtiʝa bleh-tee-ya
Ageratum La yerba de zopilote ˈʝɛɾβa ðe sopiˈlote yer-bah de zo-pee-lo-teh
Bluestar Flower La amsonia azul ãmˈsonja aˈsul am-so-nee-ah
Lemon Verbena El cidrón siˈðɾõn see-dron
Bottlebrush Los limpiatubos lĩmpjaˈtuβos lim-pee-ah-too-bos
Nierembergia La estrellita de las vegas ɛstɾeˈʝita ðe las̬ ˈβeɣas es-treh-yee-ta deh las veh-gas
Brassica La mostaza india mosˈtasa ˈĩndja mos-ta-za een-dee-ah
Broom Las retamas rɛˈtamas reh-ta-mas
Buttercup La trompeta amarilla tɾõmˈpɛta amaˈɾiʝa trom-peh-ta ah-ma-ree-ya
Oriental Lily El lirio oriental ˈliɾjo oɾjɛ̃nˈtal lee-ree-oh oh-ree-en-tal
Catharanthus La chavelita ʧaβeˈlita cha-veh-lee-ta
Lewisia La lewisia leˈwisja leh-ooh-ee-see-ah
Celosia La celosia seˈlosja seh-loh-sa
Dianthus barbatus El clavel del poeta klaˈβɛl dɛl poˈɛta cla-vel del poh-eh-ta
Coneflower El dracopis dɾaˈkopis dra-coh-pees
Mimosa La mimosa miˈmosa mee-mo-sa
Coral Bells La heuchera eu̯ˈʧɛɾa eh-uh-che-ra
Coreopsis La calliopsis kaˈʝjopsis cah-yee-op-sees
Lotus La flor de loto ˈfloɾ ðe ˈloto flor deh lo-toe
Corydalis La corydalis koɾiˈðalis co-ree-dah-lees
Eremurus La cola de zorro ˈkola ðe ˈsoro co-la deh zo-roh
Crocus El azafrán asaˈfɾãn ah-za-fran
Daphne El laurel lau̯ˈɾɛl la-ooh-rel
Linaria La linaria liˈnaɾja lee-na-ree-ah
Deutzia La celinda de espigas seˈlĩnda ðɛ ɛsˈpiɣas seh-leen-da deh es-pee-gas
Nemophila La flor ojos de bebé ˈfloɾ ˈoxos̬ ðe βeˈβe flor oh-hos deh beh-beh
Diascia La diáscia ˈðjasja dee-ah-see-ah
Disa La disa ˈðisa dee-sa
Dutch Iris La iris holandesa ˈiɾis olãnˈdesa ee-rees oh-lan-deh-sa
Silene La colleja koˈʝexa coh-yeh-ha
Echinops La rolandra roˈlãndɾa ro-lan-dra
Lunaria La moneda del Papa moˈneða ðɛl ˈpapa mo-neh-da del pah-pa
Firethorn Los espinos de fuego ɛsˈpinos̬ ðe ˈfweɣo es-pee-nos deh foo-eh-go
Erigeron La margarita cimarrona maɾɣaˈɾita simaˈrona mar-ga-ree-ta see-ma-ro-na
Lupin El lupín luˈpĩn loo-peen
Magnolia La magnolia maɣˈnolja mag-no-lee-ah
Feverfew La hierba santa ˈʝɛɾβa ˈsãnta e-air-ba san-ta
Mandevilla La mandevilla mãndeˈβiʝa man-deh-vee-ya
Kniphofia La bandera española βãnˈdɛɾa ɛspaˈɲola ban-deh-ra es-pa-nyo-la
Flaming Katy La flor de la fortuna ˈfloɾ ðe la foɾˈtuna flor deh la for-too-na
Mayflower El berro del prado ˈβɛro ðɛl ˈpɾaðo beh-ro del pra-doh
Forsythia La campanita china kãmpaˈnita ˈʧina cam-pah-nee-ta chee-na
Marguerite Daisy La magarza común maˈɣaɾsa koˈmũn ma-gar-za co-moon
French Marigold El clavel de moro klaˈβɛl de ˈmoɾo cla-vel de mo-ro
Gaillardia La gallardía ɣaʝaɾˈðia ga-yar-dee-ah
Sedum La uña de gato ˈuɲa ðe ˈɣato oo-nya deh ga-toe
Gazania La gazania ɣaˈsanja ga-za-nee-ah
Peony La flor maldita ˈfloɾ malˈdita flor mal-dee-ta
Gerbera Flower La margarita africana maɾɣaˈɾita afɾiˈkana mar-ga-ree-ta ah-free-ca-na
Matthiola El alhelí aleˈli ah-leh-lee
Kalmia El laurel de montaña lau̯ˈɾɛl de mõnˈtaɲa la-ooh-rel deh mon-ta-nya
Gladiolas El lirio común ˈliɾjo koˈmũn lee-ree-oh coh-moon
Freesia La fresilla fɾeˈsiʝa freh-see-ya
Goldenrod La vara de oro de Canadá ˈβaɾa ðe ˈoɾo ðe kanaˈða va-ra deh oh-ro deh ca-na-da
Guzmania La flor del incienso ˈfloɾ ðɛl ĩnˈsjɛ̃nso flor del in-see-en-so
Hawthorn Los majuelos maˈxwelos ma-who-eh-los
Heather La brecina βɾeˈsina breh-see-na
Hebe La verónica βɛˈɾonika veh-ro-nee-ca
Helenium La enula eˈnula eh-nool-ah
Ixora La cruz de Malta ˈkɾus̬ ðe ˈmalta crooz deh mal-ta
Ornamental Cherry El cerezo en flor japonés sɛˈɾeso ɛ̃m ˈfloɾ xapoˈnes seh-reh-so ehn flor ha-poh-nes
Pelargonium El geranio xɛˈɾanjo he-ra-nee-oh
Quince El membrillo mɛ̃mˈbɾiʝo mem-bree-yo
Heliotrope La vainilla de jardín βai̯ˈniʝa ðe xaɾˈðĩn vah-e-nee-ya deh har-deen
Scaevola La flor de abanico ˈfloɾ ðe aβaˈniko flor deh ah-ba-nee-coh
Penstemon Las campanitas kãmpaˈnitas cam-pa-nee-tas
Nemesia La nemesia neˈmesja neh-meh-see-ah
Impatiens La balsamina βalsaˈmina bal-sah-mee-na
Scilla La escila eˈsila es-see-la
Cowslip La flor de la primavera ˈfloɾ ðe la pɾimaˈβɛɾa flor deh la pree-ma-veh-ra

Tropical flowers in Spanish

As you probably already know, a big chunk of the Spanish-speaking world is located near the tropics. From the tropical rainforests of Southern Mexico to the deep Amazonian jungles of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia, you can count on there being many tropical flowers that will blow you away.

Cyclamen are beautiful tropical flowers in Spanish.

English Spanish IPA Pronunciation
African Violet La violeta africana βjoˈlɛta afɾiˈkana vee-oh-leh-ta ah-free-cah-na
Amaryllis La amarilis amaˈɾilis ah-ma-ree-yees
Angel’s Trumpet La brugmansia βɾuɣˈmãnsja broog-man-see-ah
Anthurium El anturio ãnˈtuɾjo an-too-re-oh
Bird of Paradise El ave del paraíso ˈaβe ðɛl paɾaˈiso ah-veh del pa-ra-e-so
Blood Lily La flor de sangre ˈfloɾ ðe ˈsãnɡɾe flor deh san-greh
Blue Passion Flower La pasionaria azul pasjoˈnaɾja aˈsul pa-see-oh-neh-ra ah-zool
Bougainvillea La buganvilia βuɣãmˈbilja boo-gan-vee-lee-ah
Bromeliad La bromelia βɾoˈmelja bro-meh-lee-ah
Canna Indica La flor del cangrejo ˈfloɾ ðɛl kãnˈɡɾexo flor del can-greh-ho
Chenille Plant El rabo de gato ˈraβo ðe ˈɣato ra-bo deh ga-toe
Clivia La clivia ˈkliβja clee-vee-ah
Cyclamen La violeta de Persia βjoˈlɛta ðe ˈpɛɾsja vee-oh-leh-ta deh per-see-ah
Kahili Ginger El lirio de arroyo ˈliɾjo ðe aˈroʝo lee-ree-oh deh ah-ro-yo
Hanging Lobster Claw La heliconia rostrata eliˈkonja rosˈtɾata eh-lee-coh-nee-ah ros-tra-tah
Ilima La ilima iˈlima e-lee-ma
Lokelani La rosa de Damasco ˈrosa ðe ðaˈmasko ro-sa deh da-mas-co
Medinilla La medinilla meðiˈniʝa me-de-nee-ya
Morning Glory La campanilla kãmpaˈniʝa cam-pa-nee-ya
Penta La planta de la inmortalidad ˈplãnta ðe la ĩ̯mmoɾtaliˈðað plan-ta deh la in-mor-ta-lee-dad
Cosmos La flor del cosmos ˈfloɾ ðɛl ˈkos̬mos flor del cos-mos
Frangipani La plumeria pluˈmɛɾja ploo-meh-ree-ah
Protea La protea pɾoˈtea pro-teh-ah
Sampaguita La sampaguita sãmpaˈɣita sam-pa-gee-tah
Bat Lily El lirio murciélago ˈliɾjo muɾˈsjelaɣo lee-ree-oh moor-see-eh-la-go
Pink Flowering Banana El plátano rosa ˈplatano ˈrosa pla-ta-no- ro-sa
Colocasia Esculenta La malanga maˈlãnɡa ma-lan-ga
Cordyline Fruticosa La palma lirio ˈpalma ˈliɾjo pal-ma lee-ree-oh

Desert flowers in Spanish

If sandy dunes are the first thing to come to mind when you hear the word “desert,” you might want to take a look at some of the stunning deserts in Latin America. The Sonoran Desert, located in Northwestern Mexico and the Southwest of the United States, is the most biodiverse desert in the world.

With over 3,500 plant species (and over 500 fascinating birds, too!), this desert is a biodiversity marvel. Here are some of the most popular desert flowers in Spanish to get you started on your new exploration journey!

The prickly pear in Spanish, can be found in the stunning deserts of Latin America.

English Spanish IPA Pronunciation
Succulent La suculenta sukuˈlɛ̃nta sue-coo-len-ta
Pencil Plant El árbol de los dedos ˈaɾβol de los̬ ˈðeðos ar-bol deh los deh-dos
Burro’s Tail La cola de burro ˈkola ðe ˈβuro co-la deh boo-ro
Living Stone La planta piedra ˈplãnta ˈpjeðɾa plan-ta pee-eh-dra
Queen Victoria Agave El agave noa aˈɣaβe ˈnoa ah-ga-veh no-ah
Zebra Cactus La planta cebra ˈplãnta ˈseβɾa plant-a seh-bra
Golden Barrel El asiento de suegra aˈsjɛ̃nto ðe ˈsweɣɾa ah-see-en-to deh soo-eh-gra
Bunny Ear Cactus El nopal cegador noˈpal seɣaˈðoɾ no-pal seh-ga-door
Fox Tail Agave El ágave atenuado ˈaɣaβe ateˈnwaðo ah-ga-veh ah-teh-noo-ah-doh
Winecup La malvácea malˈβasea mal-va-seh-ah
Desert Marigold La maravilla del desierto maɾaˈβiʝa ðɛl deˈsjɛɾto ma-ra-vee-ya del deh-see-air-toe
Desert Sage La salvia del desierto salβja ðɛl deˈsjɛɾto sal-vee-ah del deh-see-air-toe
Palo Verde El palo verde ˈpalo ˈβɛɾðe pa-lo ver-deh
Ocotillo El ocotillo okoˈtiʝo oh-coh-tee-yo
Mexican Thread Grass La cola de zorro ˈkola ðe ˈsoro co-la deh zo-ro
Parodia El cactus parodia ˈkak̚tus paˈɾoðja cac-toos pa-ro-dee-ah
Prickly Pear Cactus El árbol de tunas ˈaɾβol de ˈtunas ar-bol deh too-nas
Saguaro Cactus El saguaro saˈɣwaɾo sa-goo-ah-ro
Organ Pipe Cactus El pitayo dulce piˈtaʝo ˈðulse pee-tah-yo dool-seh
Brittlebush El incienso ĩnˈsjɛ̃nso in-see-en-so
Desert Lily El lirio del desierto ˈliɾjo ðɛl deˈsjɛɾto lee-ree-oh del deh-see-air-toe
Jumping Cholla La choya ˈʧoʝa cho-ya
Soaptree Yucca La yucca elata ˈʝuk̚ka eˈlata yoo-ca eh-la-ta
Tumbleweed La planta rodante ˈplãnta roˈðãnte plan-tah ro-dan-teh
Poison Ivy La hiedra venenosa ˈʝeðɾa βeneˈnosa e-eh-dra veh-neh-no-sa
Lovegrass La hierba del amor ˈʝɛɾβa ðɛl aˈmoɾ e-air-bah del ah-more
Oleander La adelfa aˈðɛlfa ah-del-fa
Desert Spoon El sereque sɛˈɾeke seh-reh-keh
Mesquite La dasylirion ðasiˈliɾjõn da-see-lee-ree-on
Datura La datura ðaˈtuɾa da-too-ra
New Mexico Locust La acacia rosa aˈkasja ˈrosa ah-ca-see-ah ro-sa
Desert Rose La rosa del desierto ˈrosa ðɛl deˈsjɛɾto ro-sa del deh-see-air-toe

Herbal flowers in Spanish

Herbs have been used all over the world for their medicinal purposes or simply for some added spice, but did you know that herbs are actually flowers? Although it might be easy to group them with vegetables, most herbs consist of the flowering part of the plant. Here are some of the most common herbs and herbal flowers in Spanish.

Herbs such as rosemary and thyme in Spanish.

English Spanish IPA Pronunciation
Echinacea La equinácea ekiˈnasea eh-key-nah-see-ah
Rose Hips La mosqueta rosa mosˈkɛta ˈrosa mos-keh-ta ro-sa
Dandelion El diente de león ˈdjɛ̃nte ðe leˈõn dee-en-teh deh leh-on
Mullein El gordolobo ɣoɾðoˈloβo gor-doh-lo-boh
Beebalm La monarda moˈnaɾða mo-nar-da
Yarrow La milenrama milɛ̃nˈrama me-lehn-ra-ma
Elderberry El sauco ˈsau̯ko sa-ooh-co
Comfrey La consuelda kõnˈswɛlda con-soo-el-da
Basil La albahaca alβaˈaka al-bah-cah
Dill El eneldo eˈnɛldo eh-nel-doh
Rosemary El romero roˈmɛɾo ro-meh-ro
Oregano El orégano oˈɾeɣano oh-reh-ga-no
Spearmint La hierbabuena ʝɛɾβaˈβwena e-air-bah-boo-eh-na
Sage La salvia ˈsalβja sal-vee-ah
Parsley El perejil pɛɾeˈxil peh-reh-heel
Cilantro El cilantro siˈlãntɾo see-lan-troh
Chives El cebollín seβoˈʝĩn seh-boh-yeen
Thyme El tomillo toˈmiʝo toh-mee-yo
Mint La menta ˈmɛ̃nta men-ta
Catnip La menta gatuna ˈmɛ̃nta ɣaˈtuna men-ta gah-too-na
Peppermint La menta piperita ˈmɛ̃nta pipɛˈɾita men-ta pee-peh-ree-ta
Lemongrass El zacate limón saˈkate liˈmõn sah-cah-teh lee-mon
Stevia La stevia ˈsteβja steh-vee-ah
Bay Leaves Las hojas de laurel ˈoxas̬ ðe lau̯ˈɾɛl oh-has deh la-ooh-rel
Tarragon El estragón ɛstɾaˈɣõn es-tra-gon
Fennel El hinojo iˈnoxo e-no-ho
Chervil El perejil francés pɛɾeˈxil fɾãnˈses peh-reh-heel fran-sehs
Winter Savory La satureja montana satuˈɾexa mõnˈtana sa-too-reh-ha mon-ta-na
Marjoram La mejorana mexoˈɾana meh-ho-ra-na

Edible flowers in Spanish

Edible flowers are exactly what they sound like–yummy flowers! Although many of them look like any other flower, others may look closer to what we commonly refer to as fruits and vegetables. Here are the names of some of the most common edible flowers in Spanish.

Borage is an edible flower in Spanish.

English Spanish IPA Pronunciation
Artichoke La alcachofa alkaˈʧofa al-ca-cho-fa
Leek El porro ˈporo po-ro
Garlic El ajo ˈaxo ah-ho
Watercress El berro de agua ˈβɛro ðe ˈaɣwa beh-ro deh ah-goo-ah
Honeysuckle Las madreselvas maðɾeˈsɛlβas ma-dre-sel-vas
Borage La borraja βoˈraxa boh-ra-ha
Squash blossoms La flor de calabaza ˈfloɾ ðe kalaˈβasa flor deh cah-la-bah-za
Celery El apio ˈapjo ah-pee-oh
Arugula La arúgula aˈɾuɣula ah-roo-goo-la
Bergamot La bergamota βɛɾɣaˈmota ber-ga-mo-ta
Chicory La achicoria común aʧiˈkoɾja koˈmũn ah-chee-coh-ree-ah coh-moon
Clover Los tréboles ˈtɾeβoles treh-bo-les
Cornflower El azulejo asuˈlexo ah-zoo-leh-ho
Hollyhock El alcea alˈsea al-seh-ah
Johnny Jump-Up El pensamiento pɛ̃nsaˈmjɛ̃nto pen-sa-me-en-toh
Sorrel La acedera común aseˈðɛɾa koˈmũn ah-seh-deh-ra coh-moon
The shallot El echalote eʧaˈlote eh-cha-lo-teh
Daylilies El lirio de día ˈliɾjo ðe ˈðia lee-ree-oh deh dee-ah
Hostas El lirio llantén ˈliɾjo ʝãnˈtɛ̃n lee-ree-oh yan-ten
Nasturtium La capuchina kapuˈʧina ca-poo-chee-na

National flowers

Flowers can be extremely important to people and–by extension–to nations. Many countries all over the world have chosen a national flower to represent them, their peoples, and their culture. This is a very common practice in Latin America, where nature is incredibly central to the people’s culture, beliefs, and practices.

Most Spanish-speaking countries have plenty of plant diversity. Half of the ten countries with the most plant diversity are in Latin America, namely Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and Ecuador. Even Spain is extremely diverse, with the Canary Islands being some of the most biodiverse places on Earth.

National flower of Mexico

Mexico decided to go above and beyond by having not one–not two–but three national flowers! The dahlia was named the national flower in 1963 due to its historic significance to the Aztecs, who referred to it as “acocoxóchitl.”

Poinsettias were later added for their strong link to Christmas, where important thoroughfares like Paseo de la Reforma in Mexico City get covered in striking red Nochebuenas.

Finally, the Aztec marigold was added for its significance in the Día de los Muertos tradition. More on this later on in the article!

Poinsettias are one of three national flowers of Mexico, for their strong link to Christmas.

English Spanish IPA Pronunciation
Dahlia La dalia ˈðalja dah-lee-ah
Poinsettia La nochebuena noʧeˈβwena noh-che-boo-eh-na
Aztec marigold El cempasúchil sɛ̃mpaˈsuʧil sem-pa-soo-cheel

National flower of Colombia

Orchids are considered the national flower of Colombia thanks to how many different orchid species there are. Colombian orchids come in all kinds of shapes, sizes, and colors that it can be hard to keep up! The specific orchid species that is considered the national flower is the Cattleya Trianae, which is named after the famous Colombian botanist José Jerónimo Triana.

English Spanish IPA Pronunciation
Colombian orchid La orquídea colombiana oɾˈkiðea kolõmˈbjana or-key-deh-ah coh-lom-bee-ah-na

National flower of Spain

The carnation is the national flower of Spain thanks to its links to religion. As a deeply Christian country, the carnation helps represent the religious beliefs of a majority of Spaniards. This flower is also representative of Flamenco, an iconic dance that originated in the Spanish region of Andalusia.

English Spanish IPA Pronunciation
Carnation El clavel klaˈβɛl cla-vel

National flower of other Spanish-speaking countries

There are many, many Spanish-speaking countries that have a national flower. Although each of them has a fascinating history, we’ll leave it up to you to read more about why each one was chosen! Take it as a fun challenge, especially if you’re moving towards the intermediate Spanish level. To get you started, here is the national flower of each country in Latin America.

Country English Spanish IPA Pronunciation
Argentina Cockspur coral tree El ceibo ˈsei̯βo seh-e-boh
Bolivia Qantuta La cantuta kãnˈtuta can-too-ta
Bolivia Hanging lobster claw El patujú patuˈxu pa-too-hoo
Chile Chilean bellflower El copihue koˈpiwe co-pee-ooh-eh
Costa Rica Guarianthe skinneri La guaria morada ˈɣwaɾja moˈɾaða goo-ah-re-ah moh-ra-da
Cuba White garland-lily La mariposa maɾiˈposa ma-ree-po-sa
Ecuador Flower of the Andes La chuquiragua ʧukiˈɾaɣwa chu-key-ra-goo-ah
El Salvador Coffea arabica La flor de café ˈfloɾ ðe kaˈfe flor deh ca-feh
El Salvador Yucca elephantipes La flor de izote ˈfloɾ ðe i̯ˈsote flor deh e-zo-teh
Guatemala Lycaste skinneri La monja blanca ˈmõnxa ˈβlãnka mon-ha blan-cah
Honduras Rhyncholaelia digbyana La orquídea de la Virgen oɾˈkiðea ðe la ˈβiɾxɛ̃n or-key-deh-ah deh la veer-hen
Nicaragua Frangipani El sacuanjoche sakwãnˈxoʧe sah-coo-an-ho-che
Panama Holy Ghost orchid La flor del Espíritu Santo ˈfloɾ ðɛl ɛsˈpiɾitu ˈsãnto flor del es-pee-ree-too san-toh
Paraguay Blue passionflower La mburucuyá mbuɾuˈku m-boo-roo-coo-ya
Peru Qantuta La cantuta kãnˈtuta can-too-ta
Puerto Rico Maga La flor de Maga ˈfloɾ ðe ˈmaɣa flor deh ma-ga
Dominican Republic Bayahibe rose La rosa de Bayahíbe ˈrosa ðe βaʝaˈiβe ro-sa deh bah-ya-e-beh
Uruguay Cockspur coral tree El ceibo ˈsei̯βo say-bo
Venezuela Easter orchid La flor de mayo ˈfloɾ ðe ˈmaʝo flor de ma-yo

More handy floral words to add to your Spanish vocabulary bouquet

Whether you’re a certified botanist or a recreational gardener, there are many auxiliary words that you should add to your flower vocabulary! From the different parts of a flower to words related to growing and caring for them, we’ve got you covered!

English Spanish IPA Pronunciation
Petals Los pétalos los ˈpɛtalos peh-ta-los
Plant La planta la ˈplãnta plan-ta
Stem El tallo ɛl ˈtaʝo ta-yo
Roots Las raíces las̬ raˈises rah-e-ses
Leaves Las hojas las ˈoxas oh-has
Pollen El polen ɛl ˈpolɛ̃n poh-len
Seeds Las semillas las seˈmiʝas seh-me-yas
Bouquet El ramo de flores ɛl ˈramo ðe ˈfloɾes ra-mo deh flo-res
Florist El florista ɛl floˈɾista flo-rees-ta
Nectar El néctar ɛl ˈnek̚taɾ nec-tar
Bee La abeja la aˈβexa ah-beh-ha
Fertilizer El fertilizante ɛl fɛɾtiliˈsãnte fer-tee-lee-zan-teh
Nursery El vivero ɛl βiˈβɛɾo vee-veh-ro
Greenhouse El invernadero ɛl ĩmbɛɾnaˈðɛɾo in-ver-nah-deh-ro
Flower vase El florero ɛl floˈɾɛɾo flo-reh-ro
Pot / Planter La maceta la maˈsɛta ma-seh-tah
Grass El pasto ɛl ˈpasto pas-toe
Branch La rama la ˈrama ra-ma
Bush El arbusto ɛl aɾˈβusto ar-boos-to
Trunk El tronco ɛl ˈtɾõnko tron-co
Sprout El brote ɛl ˈβɾote bro-teh
Blossom El florecimiento ɛl floɾesiˈmjɛ̃nto flo-reh-see-me-en-toh
To blossom Florecer floɾeˈsɛɾ flo-reh-ser
Thorn La espina la ɛsˈpina es-pee-na
Moss El musgo ɛl ˈmus̬ɣo moos-go
Garden El jardín ɛl xaɾˈðĩn har-deen
Flora La flora la ˈfloɾa flo-ra
Botany La botánica la βoˈtanika bo-ta-nee-ca
Horticulture La horticultura la oɾtikulˈtuɾa or-tee-cool-too-ra
Germinate Germinar xɛɾmiˈnaɾ her-me-nar
Photosynthesis La fotosíntesis la fotoˈsĩntesis fo-toe-seen-teh-sees
Plague La plaga la ˈplaɣa pla-ga
Herb La hierba la ˈʝɛɾβa e-air-bah
Bud El botón ɛl βoˈtõn bo-ton
Annual plants Las plantas anuales las ˈplãntas aˈnwales plan-tas ah-noo-ah-les
Perennial plants Las plantas perenes las ˈplãntas pɛˈɾenes plan-tas peh-ren-es
Biennial plants Las plantas bienales las ˈplãntas̬ βjeˈnales plan-tas be-eh-na-les
Foliage El follaje ɛl foˈʝaxe foh-ya-heh
To grow Crecer kɾeˈsɛɾ creh-ser
Vegetation La vegetación la βexɛtaˈsjõn veh-heh-ta-see-on
Weed La mala hierba la ˈmala ˈʝɛɾβa ma-la e-air-ba
Gloves Los guantes ˈɣwãntes goo-an-tes
Shovel La pala ˈpala pa-la
Hose La manguera mãnˈɡɛɾa man-geh-ra
Watering pot La regadera reɣaˈðɛɾa reh-ga-deh-ra

Cultural significance of flowers in Spanish speaking cultures

Christmas

Poinsettias have become symbols of the Christmas holiday season all over the US, but did you know that this tradition actually has Hispanic roots?

The Christmas holiday period is one of the most important times of the year–if not the most important one–for most Spanish speakers. As most Hispanic countries have deep Christian roots, Christmas celebrations often begin as much as a full month in advance.

If you’ve ever celebrated Christmas with a Spanish speaker, you probably already know that most Latin Americans celebrate it on the 24th of December. Christmas Eve–known as Noche Buena in Spanish–is the main Christmas celebration for most Spanish speakers. And remember what poinsettias are called in Spanish? That’s right, Nochebuena!

Día de las Madres

You can’t have a Mother’s Day celebration without a bouquet of flowers. If you were from a Spanish-speaking country and failed to get your mom some flowers on her special day, you’d be in great trouble!

You can't have a Mothers Day celebration without a bouquet of flowers in Spanish.

Gifting flowers is a traditional component of Mother’s Day, as flowers have come to represent life, fertility, and beauty–all qualities typically associated with motherhood. Here are some of the most common flowers that people gift on Mother’s Day:

  • Roses
  • Iris
  • Orchids
  • Carnations
  • Tulips

Can you recall how to say each of the flowers above in Spanish? We’ve covered them all in this article!

Día de los Muertos

Día de los Muertos is one of the most important holidays in Mexican culture. Celebrated every year on the 2nd of November, this holiday is a flippant celebration of those who have left us behind.

Each year, people all over Mexico set up special altars for their lost loved ones, full of candy, mementos, and–you guessed it–flowers. In particular, the Aztec marigold is the most emblematic flower of Día de los Muertos. As you may recall, the Aztec marigold is known as cempasúchil in Spanish.

Legend has it that two Aztec lovers named Xochitl (which means flower in Nahuatl) and Huitzilin (which means hummingbird in Nahuatl) climbed to the top of the mountain dedicated to Tonatiuh, the Aztec god of the sun. Then, a war broke out and Huitzilin died in combat.

A heartbroken Xochitl asked the god of the sun to reunite her with her lover, to which he agreed. Tonatiuh turned Xochitl into a cempasúchil and a hummingbird immediately rushed to stand on the cempasúchil. This story came to associate both hummingbirds and cempasúchil flowers with the dead, albeit in a nostalgic and longing way as opposed to a superstitious or negative way.

Watch your Spanish grow tall like a sunflower with this vocab

Whether you’re a horticulturist, passionate about nature, or simply want a more well-rounded Spanish vocabulary, we hope you found this article useful! Even if you were simply looking to learn how to say roses in Spanish to charm a special someone, you likely won’t regret learning more than just a handful of names of flowers in Spanish.

And if you want to keep watering your Spanish to grow into true mastery, make sure to bookmark our Spanish blog! We publish exciting new content every month to help push your vocabulary boundaries a little bit further out, blog by blog!

So, now that you’ve learned over 300 new handy flowery words in Spanish, keep exploring this wonderful language! How about learning 245 different animals, or maybe even 101 cool words in Spanish? Up to you!

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