How to say 134 delicious vegetables in Spanish, from turnip to taro

Whether you’re a die-hard foodie or are simply conscious of your diet, learning how to say the vegetables in Spanish will help you unlock new flavors.

Vegetables are a big part of the human diet. They provide us with the fiber, nutrients, and essential amino acids we need to survive. Plus, vegetables are integral to many dishes around the world.

The best part about vegetables is how diverse they are. Vegetables come in all colors, shapes, and sizes, giving us a wide variety of tastes and flavors. While that’s great news for our taste buds, it also means there is a lot of vegetable vocabulary to memorize as we learn Spanish.

But that’s not necessarily a bad thing. Learning how to say all the vegetables in Spanish can be a worthwhile challenge that can help us in many ways.

Here are a few reasons why you should learn about vegetables:

  • You’ll be able to understand Spanish menus more easily.
  • You’ll be able to ask for substitutes or modifications when you order at restaurants.
  • Spanish cooking recipes will be much easier to understand.
  • Negotiating prices at food markets in Latin America will be easier.
  • You’ll learn about Latin American vegetables you may not have heard of before.

So, with all this in mind, what’s not to love about learning all the different vegetables?

We’ve compiled a comprehensive list of vegetables divided by categories, followed by how to say them in Spanish to make the learning process much easier. As a bonus, we’ve also included some handy tips to help you memorize all the vegetable vocabulary very quickly.

If you’re hungry, you might want to go get a bite to eat before we get started with our comprehensive list of Spanish veggies. There’s no way you won’t work up an appetite after learning about so many vegetables! Let’s get started.

Free Spanish vegetables poster

Print out this free and fun vegetables poster and stick it on your fridge. If you can memorize this list of some of the more popular vegetables in Spanish, you'll be on your way to sounding like a local.

Free Spanish vegetables poster.

List of vegetables in Spanish

Of course, the first thing you should know before we start is how to say vegetables in Spanish. Luckily, it’s quite similar to English: vegetales. The difference is in the pronunciation, as it sounds like veh-hay-tah-less (bexɛˈtales) in Spanish.

Now let’s get into all the wonderful vegetables the Earth provides for us. We’ll break down the list into different types of vegetables to make it more manageable.

Root vegetables in Spanish

Root vegetables are tasty, crunchy, and versatile. Many cuisines are built on vegetables like carrots, ginger, and radishes. Then there are other tasty root vegetables that have a loyal following, like yucca and beets. So, if you’re looking to master all the root vegetables or simply want to learn how to say turnip in Spanish, the table below is for you.

Root vegetables in Spanish.

EnglishSpanishIPA SpellingPronunciation
BeetEl betabelɛl bɛtaˈβɛlElle bay-tah-belle
CarrotLa zanahoriala sanaˈoɾjaLa za-nah-oh-re-ah
CeleriacEl apio naboɛl ˈapjo ˈnaβoElle ah-pee-oh nah-bow
DaikonEl daikonɛl ˈdai̯kõnElle dai-kon
Parsley RootLa raíz de perejilla raˈis̬ ðe pɛɾeˈxilLa rah-ease day pay-ray-heel
ParsnipLa chirivíala ʧiɾiˈβiaLa chee-re-vee-ah
RadishEl rábanoɛl ˈraβanoElle ra-bah-no
Salsify rootLa raíz de salsifíla raˈis̬ ðe salsiˈfiLa rah-ease day sal-see-fee
SwedeLa nabala ˈnaβaLa nah-bah
TurnipEl naboɛl ˈnaβoElle nah-boh
HorseradishEl rábano picanteɛl ˈraβano piˈkãnteElle rah-bah-no pee-kahn-tay
YuccaLa yucala ˈɟʝukaLa you-kah
FennelEl hinojoɛl iˈnoxoEl e-no-ho
GingerEl jengibreɛl xɛ̃nˈxiβɾeEl hen-he-bray
Water ChestnutLa castaña de aguala kasˈtaɲa ðe ˈaɣwaLa kas-tah-nya day ah-goo-ah

Tuber vegetables in Spanish

Often confused with root vegetables, tuber vegetables are parts of a plant as opposed to being the entire plant. For example, a carrot is the entire plant (root vegetable), whereas a potato is only a part of a potato plant (tuber). So, you can get several vegetables from a tuber plant, whereas only one vegetable from a root plant.

There aren’t that many tuber vegetables, but some of them are heavy-hitters. Potatoes, sweet potatoes, yams, and even taro are wildly popular vegetables that do well in a variety of cuisines. If you love potatoes, you’ll find the table below very helpful.

EnglishSpanishIPA SpellingPronunciation
CassavaLa tapiocala taˈpjokaLa tah-pee-oh-cah
Jerusalem artichokeLa alcachofa de Jerusalénla alkaˈʧofa ðe xɛɾusaˈlɛ̃nLa al-kah-cho-fa day hay-roo-sah-len
PotatoLa papala ˈpapaLa pah-pah
TaroEl taroɛl ˈtaɾoElle tah-roh
YamEl ñameɛl ˈɲameElle nya-meh
Sweet PotatoEl camoteɛl kaˈmoteElle kah-mo-tay

Bulb vegetables in Spanish

Bulb vegetables are some of the most important vegetables for cooking. While you probably won’t munch on an onion or a clove of raw garlic, what would cooking be without some sautéed onion and garlic? Check out the table below to learn about all the varieties of bulb vegetables.

Woman with bag of vegetables in Spanish.

EnglishSpanishIPA SpellingPronunciation
Fennel BulbEl bulbo de hinojoɛl ˈbulβo ðe i̯ˈnoxoElle bull-boh day e-no-ho
GarlicEl ajoɛl ˈaxoElle ah-ho
LeekEl porroɛl ˈporoElle poh-roh
OnionLa cebollala seˈβoʝaLa say-boh-ya
ShallotEl chaloteɛl ʧaˈloteElle cha-low-tay
ChivesEl cebollinoɛl seβoˈʝinoElle say-boh-ye-no
Red OnionLa cebolla moradala seˈβoʝa moˈɾaðaLa say-boh-ya moh-rah-dah
ScallionsEl cebollínɛl seβoˈʝĩnElle say-boh-yeen

Stems and shoots in Spanish

Stems and shoots are almost like edible grass, in a way. These vegetables grow out of the ground and can regrow after they’re harvested. In fact, many people even keep shoots like lemongrass at home and harvest it for personal use. If you’re a fan of stems and shoots in the kitchen, check out the table below.

EnglishSpanishIPA SpellingPronunciation
AsparagusEl espárragoɛl ɛsˈparaɣoElle es-pah-rah-go
White AsparagusEl espárrago blancoɛl ɛsˈparaɣo ˈβlãnkoElle es-pah-rah-go blahn-co
Bamboo ShootsLos brotes de bambúlos ˈbɾotes̬ ðe βãmˈbuLos bro-tess day bam-boo
Celery StalksEl apioɛl ˈapjoElle ah-pee-oh
KohlrabiEl col rábanoɛl ˈkol ˈraβanoElle col rah-bah-no
RhubarbEl ruibarboɛl rwiˈβaɾβoElle roo-e-bar-bo
Hearts of PalmLos palmitoslos palˈmitosLos pal-me-tos
LemongrassEl zacate limónɛl saˈkate liˈmõnElle za-kah-tay lee-mon

Flower vegetables in Spanish

Flowers can be very romantic and a great way to show someone that you love and appreciate them. Flower vegetables, unfortunately, do not carry the same romantic connotations as flowers do.

How romantic would it be to receive a bouquet of cauliflowers? Perhaps a foodie would appreciate the gesture (I know I would!), but you’re better off sticking to flowers for romance and flower vegetables for meal prep. But—if you’re looking for romantic ways to express love in Spanish, we’ve got another blog post for you.

For now, let’s get into how to say these flowery vegetables.

Zucchini flowers in Spanish.

EnglishSpanishIPA SpellingPronunciation
ArtichokeLa alcachofala alkaˈʧofaLa al-kah-cho-fa
BroccoliEl brócoliɛl ˈbɾokoliElle bro-koh-lee
BroccoliniEl broccoliniɛl ˈbɾokoliniElle bro-koh-lee-knee
CauliflowerEl coliflorɛl koliˈfloɾElle koh-lee-flor
ZucchiniLa calabacitala kalaβaˈsitaLa kah-la-bah-see-tah
Pumpkin flowerLa flor de calabazala ˈfloɾ ðe kalaˈβasaLa flor day kah-lah-ba-za

Fungi and mushrooms in Spanish

Fungi are some of the most interesting organisms on Earth. Although they’re not technically classified as vegetables (or plants, even!), mushrooms and different kinds of edible fungi are treated just like other vegetables in everyday life.

Here’s a table with some of the most common fungi and mushrooms in Spanish.

EnglishSpanishIPA SpellingPronunciation
Corn SmutEl huitlacocheɛl wit̚laˈkoʧeElle wee-tlah-koh-chay
Button mushroomEl champiñónɛl ʧãmpiˈɲõnElle cham-pee-nyon
Enoki mushroomEl champiñón enokiɛl ʧãmpiˈɲon eˈnokiElle cham-pee-nyon eh-no-key
Oyster mushroomEl champiñón ostraɛl ʧãmpiˈɲon ˈostɾaElle cham-pee-nyon os-trah
Portobello mushroomEl champiñón portobelloɛl ʧãmpiˈɲõm poɾtoˈβeʝoElle cham-pee-nyon pore-toh-bell-oh
Shiitake mushroomLa seta chinala ˈsɛta ˈʧinaLa say-tah chee-nah
White ear mushroomEl hongo blancoɛl ˈõnɡo ˈβlãnkoElle on-go blahn-koh
TrufflesLas trufaslas ˈtɾufasLas true-fahs

Leaves in Spanish

Edible leaves are excellent sources of vitamins and nutrients. Whether you make a salad, a smoothie, or a stew with them, you know you’re nourishing your body when you cook something with leafy greens. Here are some of our favorite leaves for cooking in Spanish.

Coriander, limes, tomatoes, and chillies in Spanish.

EnglishSpanishIPA SpellingPronunciation
Bok ChoyEl bok choyɛl ˈbok ˈʧoi̯Elle bok choy
Brussels SproutsLas coles de Bruselaslas ˈkoles̬ ðe βɾuˈselasLas koh-less day broo-seh-las
CabbageEl repolloɛl reˈpoʝoElle ray-po-yo
KaleLa col rizadala ˈkol riˈsaðaLa kol re-zah-dah
LettuceLa lechugala leˈʧuɣaLa lay-choo-ga
RadicchioEl radicchioɛl raˈðikʧjoElle rah-dee-key-oh
ChardLa acelgala aˈsɛlɣaLa ah-sell-ga
SpinachLa espinacala ɛspiˈnakaLa ess-pee-nah-kah
ArugulaLa arúgulala aˈɾuɣulaLa ah-roo-goo-la
CorianderEl cilantroɛl siˈlãntɾoElle see-lan-troh
ParsleyEl perejilɛl pɛɾeˈxilElle pay-ray-heel
WatercressEl berroɛl ˈbɛroElle beh-ro
Collard greensLa berzala ˈbɛɾsaLa bear-zah
DandelionLos dientes de leónlos ˈdjɛ̃ntes̬ ðe leˈõnLos dee-en-tess day lee-on
Iceberg lettuceLa lechuga icebergla leˈʧuɣa i̯seˈβɛɾɣLa lay-choo-ga iceberg
Romaine lettuceLa lechuga romanala leˈʧuɣa roˈmanaLa lay-choo-ga roh-mah-nah
EndiveLa endibiala ɛ̃nˈdiβjaLa en-dee-bee-ah
Mustard greensLa mostaza de la Indiala mosˈtasa ðe la ˈĩndjaLa moss-tah-zah day lah in-dee-ah

“Fruit” vegetables in Spanish

You’ve probably heard of the heated debate on whether tomatoes are fruits or vegetables. Although treated as a vegetable, a tomato is officially a fruit. The same is true for many other impostor vegetables that we love and consume just like any other vegetable. Here are some of the most popular ones.

Avocado trees in Spanish.

EnglishSpanishIPA SpellingPronunciation
ChiliEl chileɛl ˈʧileElle chee-lay
CucumberEl pepinoɛl peˈpinoElle pay-pee-no
EggplantLa berenjenala bɛɾɛ̃nˈxenaLa bay-ren-heh-nah
OkraLa ocrala ˈokɾaLa oh-kra
PlantainEl plátano machoɛl ˈplatano ˈmaʧoElle plah-tah-no mah-cho
AvocadoEl aguacateɛl aɣwaˈkateElle ah-goo-ah-kah-tay
PumpkinLa calabazala kalaˈβasaLa kah-lah-bah-zah
Spaghetti SquashLa calabaza espaguetila kalaˈβasa ɛspaˈɣɛtiLa kah-lah-bah-zah ess-pah-geh-tee
TomatilloEl tomatilloɛl tomaˈtiʝoElle toh-mah-tee-yo
TomatoEl tomateɛl toˈmateElle toh-mah-teh
ChayoteEl chayoteɛl ʧaˈʝoteElle chah-yo-teh
Bitter MelonEl melón amargoɛl meˈlon aˈmaɾɣoElle may-lon ah-mar-go
JackfruitLa yacala ˈɟʝakaLa yah-kah
VanillaLa vainillala bai̯ˈniʝaLa vah-e-knee-ya
Winter MelonLa calabaza chinala kalaˈβasa ˈʧinaLa kah-lah-bah-zah chee-nah
Bell PepperEl pimientoɛl piˈmjɛ̃ntoElle pee-me-en-toh
Cayenne PepperEl pimiento de Cayenaɛl piˈmjɛ̃nto ðe kaˈʝenaElle pee-me-en-toh day kah-ye-nah
HabaneroEl habaneroɛl aβaˈnɛɾoElle ah-bah-nay-ro
JalapeñoEl jalapeñoɛl xalaˈpeɲoElle ha-lah-pay-nyo
PeperoncinoEl peperoncinoɛl pepɛɾõnˈsinoElle peh-peh-ron-chee-no

Seeds (legumes) in Spanish

Seeds and legumes are fantastic sources of plant-based protein. Even if you’re not a vegetarian, consuming plant protein is a great way to improve digestion and help our organs do their job.

Plus, if you’re a fan of Mexican and Latin American food, you’ll find that legumes like black beans, corn, and chickpeas are staple foods in these regions.

Corn and legumes in Spanish.

EnglishSpanishIPA SpellingPronunciation
BeansLos frijoleslos fɾiˈxolesLos free-hole-ess
Black BeansLos frijoles negroslos fɾiˈxoles̬ ˈneɣɾosLos free-hole-ess
PintoLos frijoles pintoslos fɾiˈxoles ˈpĩntosLos free-hole-ess peen-toss
Kidney BeansLos frijoles coloradoslos fɾiˈxoles koloˈɾaðosLos free-hole-ess koh-lo-rah-dos
EdamameEl edamameɛl eðaˈmameElle eh-da-ma-meh
PeasLos chícharoslos ˈʧiʧaɾosLos chee-cha-ross
Snow PeasLos tirabequeslos tiɾaˈβekesLos tee-rah-beh-kess
Snap PeasLos guisanteslos ɡiˈsãntesLos gee-san-tess
CornEl maizɛl ˈmai̯sElle mah-is
ChickpeaEl garbanzoɛl ɡaɾˈβãnsoElle gar-bahn-zo
Fava BeansLas habaslas ˈaβasLas ah-bass
LentilLa lentejala lɛ̃nˈtexaLa len-tay-ha
PeanutEl cacahuateɛl kakaˈwateElle kah-kah-ooh-ah-teh
SoybeanLa soyala ˈsoʝaLa so-ya

Sea vegetables in Spanish

Sea vegetables are easily forgotten as most people don’t think of underwater crops when they think of vegetables. However, sea vegetables are a staple of East Asian cuisines, with Japanese culture being one of the most eager to incorporate sea vegetables. So, if you’re a fan of sushi and Japanese food, you’ll want to learn the vocabulary below.

EnglishSpanishIPA SpellingPronunciation
WakameEl wakameɛl waˈkameElle wah-kah-meh
Sea LettuceLa lechuga de marla leˈʧuɣa ðe ˈmaɾLa lay-choo-ga day mar
Green LaverLas algas verdeslas ˈalɣas̬ ˈβɛɾðesLas al-gas ver-des
NoriEl noriɛl ˈnoɾiEl no-ree

Latin American vegetables in Spanish

Learning a new language is a great way to explore new cultures and discover new things. Even if you’re studying Spanish online at home, you can pretend to go on a trip through Latin America by learning about the vegetables local to each country.

Here is a non-exhaustive list of some of the local vegetables you can expect to find at the market next time you go to one of these Latin American countries!

Chillies and Latin American vegetables in Spanish.

EnglishSpanishIPA SpellingPronunciationCountry
NopalEl nopalɛl noˈpalElle no-palMexico
JicamaLa jícamala ˈxikamaLa he-kah-maMexico
Poblano pepperEl chile poblanoɛl ˈʧile poˈβlanoElle chee-lay poe-blah-noMexico
ChipotleEl chipotleɛl ʧiˈpot̚leElle chee-poe-tlayMexico
Chia SeedsLa chíala ˈʧiaLa chee-ahMexico
Red PotatoLa papa sabanerala ˈpapa saβaˈnɛɾaLa pah-pah sah-bah-nay-raColombia
Creole PotatoLa papa criollala ˈpapa ˈkɾjoʝaLa pah-pah cree-oh-yaColombia
Exploding CucumberEl cuchinitoɛl kuʧiˈnitoElle coo-chee-knee-toeColombia
OcaLa ocala ˈokaLa oh-kahPeru
Ají amarillo chiliEl ají amarilloɛl aˈxi amaˈɾiʝoElle ahi ah-mah-re-yoPeru
MacaLa macala ˈmakaLa mah-kahPeru
UllucoEl ullucoɛl uˈʝukoElle oo-yu-cohPeru
Water RootEl yacónɛl ɟʝaˈkõnElle yah-conPeru
MashuaLa mashuala ˈmaswaLa mah-shoe-ahPeru
Purple CornEl maiz moradoɛl ˈmai̯s̬ moˈɾaðoElle mah-is moe-rah-doePeru
Peruvian CornEl chocloɛl ˈʧokloElle cho-cloPeru
QuinoaLa quinoala kiˈnoaLa key-no-ahPeru
Stuffing CucumberLa caiguala ˈkai̯ɣwaLa kai-guaPeru
AmaranthEl amarantoɛl amaˈɾãntoElle ah-mah-ran-tohPeru
Cucumber of the ForestEl pepino del monteɛl peˈpino ðɛl ˈmõnteElle pay-pee-no del mon-tayArgentina
Anean PotatoesLas papas andinaslas ˈpapas ãnˈdinasLas pah-pas an-dee-nasArgentina
SquashEl ayote tiernoɛl aˈʝote ˈtjɛɾnoElle ah-yo-tay tee-er-noCosta Rica
Elephant EarEl tiquisqueɛl tiˈkiskeElle tea-keys-kayCosta Rica
Zapallo SquashEl zapalloɛl saˈpaʝoElle za-pah-yoCosta Rica
DillEl eneldoɛl eˈnɛldoElle en-el-doeCosta Rica
Long corianderEl culantroɛl kuˈlãntɾoEl cu-lan-trohNicaragua
Aloe VeraEl aloe veraɛl aˈloe ˈβɛɾaElle ah-lo-eh vay-raNicaragua

Tips for memorizing the vegetables in Spanish

Watch cooking videos in Spanish

Latin American cuisine is indisputably one of the best and most varied in the world, from Peruvian ceviche to Cuban tostones. In fact, the entirety of Mexican cuisine was awarded UNESCO status as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

And as if that wasn’t enough, Spain has an incredible gastronomical scene with plenty of fantastic dishes, such as paella and tortilla española. From Valencia to Las Islas Canarias, Spanish food is in a league of its own.

Regardless of the type of diet you follow, you’re sure to find some (but likely many!) Latin American and Spanish dishes that you love. By learning about the different vegetables, you’ll be able to watch cooking and recipe videos from the experts in their native language.

To maximize your exposure to vegetables specifically, we suggest looking for vegan and vegetarian recipes. We recommend the YouTube videos from Kiwilimón, a Latin American cooking channel with plenty of vegan recipes.

Ask for a Spanish menu

Whenever you travel to a Spanish-speaking country, you have to brace yourself to read a lot of Spanish. However, if you visit tourist hotspots like Cancún or Medellín, you almost always have the option to choose from an English or a Spanish menu. Always ask for the Spanish menu if you’re trying to learn Spanish!

It might be hard at first, but your ultimate goal as a Spanish-learner is to be able to navigate Spanish text with ease. The more you expose yourself to native content, the sooner you’ll become proficient in Spanish.

And even if you don’t travel to Spanish-speaking countries often, you probably already have a go-to Mexican restaurant in your area. In many cases, these restaurants will have a Spanish menu, especially if it’s an authentic restaurant. Ask them if they have a Spanish menu you can use and challenge yourself next time you go for a bite to eat!

Create vegetable flavor profile cards

Learning vegetable vocabulary can be more fun than learning other vocabulary for one main reason: you can eat it. That gives you a lot more context for each vocabulary word, as you already know what the vegetable smells like, tastes like, and feels like.

A great way to memorize your favorite vegetables is to create flavor profile cards for them. In a flashcard or a small piece of paper, write down as much contextual information as you can about a vegetable.

What does it taste like? What dishes can you make with it? Does it grow underground? Does it have rough skin? Is it easily available year-round?

Write down as much info as you can, and make sure you translate it into Spanish as well! The more context clues you can write down, the more likely you are to associate the vegetable with its Spanish name.

Frequently asked questions about vegetables in Spanish

What vegetable is Spain known for?

Spanish cuisine is packed with vegetables, from potatoes to onions to bell peppers—but one reigns supreme. Garlic is the one vegetable that you can taste in almost every single dish in Spain. So, if you’re a fan of garlic, Spain should be one of the very next destinations you travel to!

What vegetable is Mexico known for?

Mexico has many distinctive vegetables, namely:

  • Corn
  • Chillies
  • Nopal
  • Tomatillos
  • Avocado (although technically a fruit)

Make sure to taste some of these unique national vegetables next time you’re in Mexico!

Can I bring vegetables from Mexico?

Fresh vegetables are usually prohibited at land, sea, and air border crossings. Commercially packaged and canned vegetables are usually okay, but you should never attempt to cross the border (any border!) with fresh fruits or vegetables.

Don’t stop at vegetables

Now you know how to say well over a hundred different veggies in Spanish! However, there’s so much more to food and culinary experiences than just veggies. There’s still fruits, meats, drinks, snacks, and so much more food vocab that every foodie must know!

But whether you’re a professional chef or simply want to be an expert diner, you’re doing great by starting with the veggies. In no time, you’ll become an expert on food vocabulary in Spanish, if not an expert chef!

We hope you enjoyed our blog post, and make sure to check out our Spanish blog if you did! We regularly publish free Spanish study resources like this guide, so make sure to bookmark it and come back frequently.

Now, time for you to go nuts with all your new Spanish vegetable vocabulary!

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