46 nifty Spanish prepositions of place, relation & time to learn



If you’re having trouble with those small yet hugely-consequential words like de, por, para, and con, then you need to check out this ultimate guide to Spanish prepositions.

Indeed, one of the hardest parts of learning Spanish (or any language, for that matter!) is to get the prepositions just right. These words are usually very short and flexible, making them less than ideal for foreign language speakers.

While native speakers generally have a good grasp of them, this isn’t because of the masterful command of a complicated set of rules and exceptions. Instead, native speakers are able to use prepositions correctly based on whether something “sounds right.” That’s because prepositions can be used for a variety of reasons, in a variety of situations, and therefore lack a standard set of rules.

A study from St. Cloud State University sought to understand exactly why prepositions are so difficult to learn for foreign language speakers. The authors identified three main reasons:

  • Prepositions can have multiple meanings. As you’ll see later on, a single Spanish preposition can mean two, three, or even four different things, depending on context.

  • Prepositions are very short. Most prepositions are one-to-two-syllable words, making them difficult to recognize in oral speech.

  • Prepositions are used differently in different languages. Unlike many vocabulary words, prepositions in a foreign language are very difficult to translate vis-a-vis your native language.

  • There are many prepositions. We’ve got 46 prepositions in this guide alone! Learning them will be a challenge, but we promise we’ll get you there.

You know how the saying goes, and this is one of those situations where the gain from the pain of learning how to use each of the 46 prepositions for the Spanish language is definitely worth it. Not only will this make you stand out from other Spanish learners, but also from native speakers! As you’ll see further below, we’ve included a section on common preposition mistakes, which even native Spanish speakers make all the time.

So, if you’re feeling ready to face this challenge head-on, let’s get right into it!

What are prepositions in grammar?

Prepositions are words that help us relate nouns and pronouns to other words in a sentence. As implied by the prefix pre in prepositions, they always go before the noun or pronoun. In Spanish, prepositions can help us describe where, when, and how something happens.

The complete Spanish prepositions list

If you’ve been following our Spanish blog for a while, you already know that we love to be as thorough as possible. That’s why we’ve gathered the ultimate list of Spanish prepositions and prepositional phrases for you!

Simple prepositions

The natural place to start is with simple prepositions. Although they might sound like the easier kind, the “simple” in the name has no impact on how these prepositions are used. It simply refers to the fact that they are made up of one word. Here are 25 simple prepositions:

f one word. Here are 25 simple prepositions:





To, at




Before, compared to




Under, below




Next to












Of, about




From, since




During, for




In, on, into, by, at




Between, among




Except for




Towards, around, about




Until, as far as, up to




Through, by means of




For, to, towards




For, to, because of, through, per




Except for




According to, depending on












Over, on top of, above, upon




Behind, after




Versus, against




By, via




Complex prepositions

Again, don’t be alarmed by the “complex” in their name — it simply means that these prepositions are made up of two or more words. Here are 21 complex prepositions in Spanish.





In spite of, despite

A pesar de

ah peh-sar deh

a peˈsaɾ ðe

In addition to, as well as

Además de

ah-deh-mas deh

aðeˈmaz ðe


Al lado de

all la-doe deh

al ˈlaðo ðe

Around, about

Alrededor de

all-reh-deh-door deh

alreðeˈðoɾ ðe


Antes de

ahn-tess deh

ˈantez ðe


A pesar de

ah peh-sar deh

a peˈsaɾ ðe

Near, close to

Cerca de

ser-cah deh

ˈθeɾka ðe

With respect to

Con respecto a

con ress-pec-toe ah

kon resˈpekto a

In accordance with

De acuerdo con

deh ah-coo-air-doe con

de aˈkweɾðo kon

Under, underneath

Debajo de

deh-bah-ho deh

deˈβaxo ðe

In front of

Delante de

deh-lan-teh deh

deˈlante ðe

Inside, in, into, within

Dentro de

den-troh deh

ˈdentɾo ðe


Después de

des-poo-ess deh

desˈpwez ðe


Detrás de

deh-trass deh

deˈtɾaz ðe

On top of, above

Encima de

ehn-see-mah deh

enˈθima ðe

In terms of, in this regard

En cuanto a

ehn coo-ahn-toe ah

en ˈkwanto a

In front of, opposite

Enfrente de

ehn-fren-teh deh

emˈfɾente ðe

Opposite, towards

Frente a

fren-teh ah

ˈfɾente a

Except for, apart from

Fuera de

foo-air-ah deh

ˈfweɾa ðe

Next to, right by

Junto a

hoon-toe ah

ˈxunto a

Far from

Lejos de

leh-hoss deh

ˈlexoz ðe

Preposition types

Now, let’s break the prepositions into different uses. This way, we’ll go over a few of the most common ones and get you using them as soon as possible.

Spanish prepositions of place or location

One of the most common uses of prepositions in Spanish (and English!) is to relate a noun or noun phrase to its geographic environment. One good thing about Spanish location prepositions is that en serves the function of many English prepositions all at once: in, at, on, into, and by. So, you won’t have to think of a handful of prepositions when trying to figure out if you’re in school, on a boat, or at the airport!


Example sentence





Quisiera estar en la playa, bajo los rayos del sol.

I wish I could be a the beach, under the sunshine.

key-see-air-ah ess-tar ehn la pla-yah, bah-ho los rah-yoss dell sol

kiˈsjeɾa esˈtaɾ en la ˈplaʝa | ˈbaxo loz ˈraʝoz ðel ˈsol ‖


Vengo de la escuela.

I’m coming from school.

ven-goe deh la ess-coo-eh-lah

ˈbenɡo ðe la esˈkwela ‖

Delante de

María está sentada delante de mí.

Maria is sitting in front of me.

mah-ree-ah ess-tah sen-tah-dah deh-lahn-teh deh me

maˈɾia esˈta senˈtaða ðeˈlante ðe ˈmi ‖


Caminé desde mi casa.

I walked from my house.

cah-me-neh dess-deh me ca-sah

kamiˈne ˈðezðe mi ˈkasa ‖

Detrás de

Tu mochila está detrás del sofá.

Your backpack is behind the couch.

too mo-chee-lah ess-tah deh-trass dell soh-fah

tu moˈʧila esˈta ðeˈtɾaz ðel soˈfa ‖


Estoy en mi cuarto.

I’m in my room.

ess-toy ehn me coo-are-toe

esˈtoj em mi ˈkwaɾto ‖

Encima de

Las llaves están encima del librero.

The keys are on top of the bookshelf.

las yah-vess ess-tahn ehn-see-mah dell lee-breh-roe

laz ˈʎaβes esˈtan enˈθima ðel liˈβɾeɾo ‖

Enfrente de

La televisión está enfrente de la mesa.

The TV is in front of the table.

la teh-leh-vee-see-ohn ess-tah ehn-fren-teh deh la meh-sah

la teleβiˈsjon esˈta emˈfɾente ðe la ˈmesa ‖


La casa de Pedro está entre el parque y la iglesia.

Pedro’s house is between the park and the church.

la ca-sah deh peh-droh ess-tah ehn-treh elle par-keh e la e-gleh-see-ah

la ˈkasa ðe ˈpeðɾo esˈta ˈentɾe el ˈpaɾke j la jˈɣlesja ‖


Ese gatito viene caminando hacia nosotros.

That kitty is walking towards us.

eh-seh gah-tee-toe vee-eh-neh ca-me-nahn-doe ah-see-ah no-soe-tross

ˈese ɣaˈtito ˈβjene kamiˈnando ˈaθja noˈsotɾos ‖


Disculpe, ¿este autobús va hasta Valencia?

Excuse me, is this bus going all the way to Valencia?

dees-cool-peh, ess-teh ah-ooh-toe-boos vah ah-see-ah vah-lehn-see-ah

disˈkulpe | ˈeste awtoˈβuz ˈβa ˈasta βaˈlenθja ‖


El vaso de agua está sobre la mesa.

The glass of water is on the table.

elle vah-so deh ah-goo-ah ess-tah so-breh la meh-sah

el ˈβaso ðe ˈaɣwa esˈta ˈsoβɾe la ˈmesa ‖


La caja está tras la puerta.

The box is behind the door.

la cah-hah ess-tah tras la poo-air-tah

la ˈkaxa esˈta ˈtɾaz la ˈpweɾta ‖

Prepositions of relation

Prepositions of relation establish a connection (or relation!) between two nouns. They allow you to connect the dots in your stories by helping you describe who did what and with whom, against whom, for whom, from whom, etcetera.


Example sentence





Voy a ir al cine con mi mamá.

I’m going to the movie theatre with my mom.

voy ah eer all see-neh con me ma-mah

ˈboj a ˈiɾ al ˈθine kom mi maˈma ‖


El mundo no está contra ti.

The world isn’t against you.

elle moon-doe no ess-tah con-trah tee

el ˈmundo ˈno esˈta ˈkontɾa ˈti ‖


El carro de mi hermana es rojo.

My sister’s car is red.

elle cah-roe deh me air-mah-nah ess ro-hoh

el ˈkaro ðe mj eɾˈmana ˈez ˈroxo ‖


Si lo hacemos entre los dos, sí lo podemos lograr.

If we do it between the two of us, we’ll surely be able to make it.

see lo ah-seh-moss ehn-treh los dos, see lo po-deh-moss lo-grar

si lo aˈθemos ˈentɾe loz ˈðos | ˈsi lo poˈðemoz loˈɣɾaɾ ‖


¿Estas flores son para mí?

Are these flowers for me?

ess-tass flo-ress son pah-rah me

ˈestas ˈfloɾes ˈsom ˈpaɾa ˈmi ‖


Todo lo hago por ti.

Everything I do is for you.

toe-doe lo ah-go pore tee

ˈtoðo lo ˈaɣo poɾ ˈti ‖


Estos son los ingredientes según mi mamá.

According to my mom, these are the ingredients.

ess-toss son los een-greh-dee-ehn-tess seh-goon me ma-mah

ˈestos ˈson los inɡɾeˈðjentes seˈɣum mi maˈma ‖


Esta casa no será lo mismo sin ti.

This house won’t be the same without you.

ess-tah cah-sah no seh-rah lo mees-mo seen tee

ˈesta ˈkasa ˈno seˈɾa lo ˈmizmo sin ˈti ‖


Debemos tener una plática seria, pero no te preocupes, no es sobre ti.

We need to have a serious talk, but don’t worry, it’s not about you.

deh-beh-moss teh-nehr oo-nah pla-tee-cah seh-ree-ah, peh-ro no teh preh-oh-coo-pess, no es so-breh tee

deˈβemos teˈneɾ ˈuna ˈplatika ˈseɾja | ˈpeɾo ˈno te pɾeoˈkupes | ˈno ˈes ˈsoβɾe ˈti ‖


El partido de mañana es del Real Madrid versus el Barcelona.

Tomorrow’s match is Real Madrid versus Barcelona.

elle par-tee-doe deh mah-nyah-nah ess dell reh-all ma-dreed ver-soos elle bar-seh-lo-nah

el paɾˈtiðo ðe maˈɲana ˈez ðel reˈal maˈðɾið ˈβeɾsus el βaɾθeˈlona ‖


Él viaja de Londres a Guadalajara, vía Houston.

He travels from London to Guadalajara, via Houston.

elle vee-ah-hah deh lon-dress ah goo-ah-dah-lah-hah-rah, vee-ah Houston

ˈel ˈβjaxa ðe ˈlondɾes a ɣwaðalaˈxaɾa | ˈbia ˈowston ‖

Prepositions of time

As you can probably imagine, prepositions of time help you relate a noun to a certain time. These are helpful not only for telling the time in Spanish but also for making plans with your friends. After all, studying Spanish means you’ll definitely want to find the time to visit some coffee shops with your classmates and, why not, have a cold beer after a long day of school!


Example sentence





Nos vemos a las doce y media.

I’ll see you at twelve thirty.

noss veh-moss ah las doh-seh e meh-dee-ah

noz ˈβemos a laz ˈðoθe j ˈmeðja ‖


Te he estado esperando desde la mañana.

I’ve been waiting for you since this morning.

teh eh ess-tah-doe ess-peh-ran-doe dess-deh la mah-nyah-nah

te ˈe esˈtaðo espeˈɾando ˈðezðe la maˈɲana ‖


Te esperé durante media hora y no llegaste.

I waited for you for half an hour and you didn’t show.

teh ess-peh-reh doo-rahn-teh meh-dee-ah oh-rah e no yeh-gass-teh

te espeˈɾe ðuˈɾante ˈmeðja ˈoɾa j ˈno ʎeˈɣaste ‖


Estaré disponible entre las dos y seis de la tarde.

I will be available between two and six in the afternoon.

ess-tah-reh dees-po-nee-bleh ehn-treh las dos e says deh lah tar-deh

estaˈɾe ðispoˈniβle ˈentɾe laz ˈðos i ˈsejz ðe la ˈtaɾðe ‖


El tren pasa por aquí hacia las tres de la tarde.

The train passes by here at around three in the afternoon.

elle trehn pah-sah pore ah-key ah-see-ah las trehs deh la tar-deh

el ˈtɾem ˈpasa poɾ aˈki ˈaθja las ˈtɾez ðe la ˈtaɾðe ‖


Aquí vamos a estar hasta junio.

We’ll be here until june.

ah-key vah-mos ah ess-tar ass-tah ho-nee-oh

aˈki ˈβamos a esˈtaɾ ˈasta ˈxunjo ‖


Tras la lluvia, saldrá el sol.

After the rain, the sun will come out.

tras lah you-vee-ah sal-drah elle sol

ˈtɾaz la ˈʎuβja | salˈdɾa el ˈsol ‖

Spanish prepositional pronouns

Prepositional pronouns are technically pronouns and therefore not prepositions. However, they’re used in conjunction with other prepositions to connect the object to the prepositional phrase. That happens when you are connecting a noun to a person, such as when you say “The car is in front of me.” In this sentence, “car” is the subject and “me” is the object. So, you’ll typically find a preposition right before a prepositional pronoun.

Here’s the complete list of Spanish prepositional pronouns.


Example sentence




El perro vino hacia mí.

The dog came towards me.

elle peh-roh vee-noh ah-see-ah me

el ˈpero ˈβino ˈaθja ˈmi ‖


Esta flor es especial para ti.

This flower is special for you.

ess-tah flor ess ess-peh-see-all pah-rah tee

ˈesta ˈfloɾ ˈes espeˈθjal ˈpaɾa ˈti ‖


Esto es algo que no le corresponde a usted.

This is something that doesn’t correspond to you.

ess-toe ess all-go keh no leh co-ress-pon-deh ah oos-ted

ˈesto ˈes ˈalɣo ˈke ˈno le koresˈponde a wsˈteð ‖

Él, ella

Ya no tengo la carta, se la di a ella.

I don’t have the letter anymore, I gave it to her.

ya no ten-go la car-tah, seh la dee ah eh-yah

ʝa ˈno ˈtenɡo la ˈkaɾta | se la ˈði a ˈeʎa ‖

Nosotros, nosotras

¿Por qué no nos preguntaron a nosotros?

Why didn’t they ask us?

pore keh no nos preh-goon-tah-ron ah noss-oh-tross

poɾ ˈke ˈno nos pɾeɣunˈtaɾon a noˈsotɾos ‖

Vosotros, vosotras

Vale, entonces en la tarde pasamos por vosotros.

Alright, so we will pick you up in the afternoon.

vah-leh, ehn-ton-sess ehn la tar-deh pah-sah-moss pore vo-soh-tross

ˈbale | enˈtonθes en la ˈtaɾðe paˈsamos poɾ βoˈsotɾos ‖


Entre ellos y ustedes, siempre los escogeré a ustedes.

Between them and you, I will always choose you.

ehn-treh eh-yos e oos-teh-dess, see-ehm-preh los es-coh-heh-reh ah oos-teh-dess

ˈentɾe ˈeʎos j usˈteðes | ˈsjempɾe los eskoxeˈɾe a wsˈteðes ‖

Ellos, ellas

Según ellos, la entrada debería estar por aquí.

According to them, the entrance should be around here.

seh-goon eh-yoss, la ehn-trah-dah deh-beh-ree-ah ess-tar pore ah-key

seˈɣun ˈeʎos | la enˈtɾaða ðeβeˈɾia esˈtaɾ poɾ aˈki ‖

Spanish preposition contractions

Unlike English, Spanish has very few contractions, and about half of them involve prepositions! When certain prepositions are placed next to certain articles and pronouns, they must be contracted, the way “want to” can be contracted into “wanna” when speaking casually. However, in Spanish, contractions are neither casual nor optional — failing to contract any of the following will result in a grammatical error!





a + el


Voy a ir al banco.

I’m going to the bank.

de + el


Vengo del super.

I’m coming back from the supermarket.

con + mí


¡Ven conmigo!

Come with me!

con + ti


¿Quién va a ir contigo?

Who is going to come with you?

con + sí


Creo que no llevaba su mochila consigo.

I think he didn’t have his backpack with him.

Phrases and expressions with prepositions

Prepositions are an unavoidable aspect of the Spanish language, and many important phrases rely on them to work. However, as a foreign language speaker, it might be difficult to understand exactly what these phrases mean as they don’t translate well. Here are some common Spanish phrases and expressions with prepositions with their literal English translations along with what they actually mean.

Literal translation





In joke

En broma

As a joke

ehn broh-mah

em ˈbɾoma

In alive

En vivo

Live, as in live performances

ehn vee-voh

em ˈbiβo

In serious

En serio

Used when you’re being serious about something

ehn seh-ree-oh

en ˈseɾjo

For supposed

Por supuesto

Of course

pore soo-poo-ess-toe

poɾ suˈpwesto

For another part

Por otra parte

On the other hand

pore oh-trah par-teh

poɾ ˈotɾa ˈpaɾte

In everything’s weight

A pesar de todo

Despite everything

ah peh-sar deh toe-doe

a peˈsaɾ ðe ˈtoðo

Here between us

Aquí entre nos

Do not repeat what I’m about to tell you

ah-key ehn-treh noss

aˈki ˈentɾe nos

From part of

De parte de

On behalf of

deh par-teh deh

de ˈpaɾte ðe

There is no what

No hay de qué

Nothing to thank me for

no ay deh keh

ˈno ˈaj ðe ˈke

Speaking of the king of Rome

Hablando del rey de Roma

Speak of the devil

ah-blahn-doe dell ray deh ro-mah

aˈβlando ðel ˈrej ðe ˈroma

Common mistakes

As advanced Spanish speakers will attest to, even native Speakers make mistakes all the time. This is especially true when it comes to prepositions, as there are many common mistakes that are so ubiquitous that they’ll have you doubting what you’ve learned in the classroom. To avoid these mistakes, pay attention to the following examples of common Spanish preposition mistakes:

Incorrect use ❌

Correct use ✅





A causa que

A causa de que

A causa de que reprobó el exámen, Pedro no podrá pasar la clase.

Because he failed the exam, Pedro won’t be able to pass this class.

ah cah-oo-sah deh keh reh-pro-boh elle ex-ah-men, peh-droh no poh-drah pah-sar la clah-seh

a ˈkawsa ðe ˈke repɾoˈβo el ekˈsamen | ˈpeðɾo ˈno poˈðɾa paˈsaɾ la ˈklase ‖

A costas de

A costa de

Martha fue exitosa a costa de todos sus problemas.

Martha was successful despite all of her problems.

mar-tah foo-eh ex-e-toe-sah ah coss-tah deh toe-doss soos pro-bleh-mass

ˈmaɾta ˈfwe eksiˈtosa a ˈkosta ðe ˈtoðos sus pɾoˈβlemas ‖

A cuenta de

Por cuenta de

Los gastos del viaje correrán por cuenta de la empresa.

The trip expenses will be paid for by the company.

los gas-toes delle vee-ah-heh coh-reh-ran pore la coo-ehn-tah deh la em-preh-sah

loz ˈɣastoz ðel ˈβjaxe koreˈɾam poɾ ˈkwenta ðe la emˈpɾesa ‖

A defecto de

En defecto de

En defecto de champaña, brindaremos con cidra.

In the absence of champagne, we will toast with cider.

ehn deh-fec-toe deh cham-pah-nyah, breen-dah-reh-moss con see-drah

en deˈfekto ðe ʧamˈpaɲa | bɾindaˈɾemos kon ˈθiðɾa ‖

A horas

En horas

Es muy difícil manejar por la autopista en horas pico.

It’s very difficult to drive on the highway during rush hour.

ess mooy dee-fee-seel mah-neh-har proe la ah-ooh-toe-pees-tah en oh-rass pee-coe

ˈez muj ðiˈfiθil maneˈxaɾ poɾ la awtoˈpista en ˈoɾas ˈpiko ‖

A la mayor brevedad

Con la mayor brevedad

Recibirá una respuesta con la mayor brevedad posible.

You will receive a response as soon as possible.

reh-see-bee-rah oo-nah res-poo-ess-tah con la mah-yoor breh-veh-dad po-see-bleh

reθiβiˈɾa ˈuna resˈpwesta kon la maˈʝoɾ βɾeβeˈðað poˈsiβle ‖

A lo que veo

Por lo que veo

Por lo que veo, no le está yendo muy bien en el trabajo…

From what I can tell, he’s not doing very well in his job.

pore lo keh veh-oh, noh leh ess-tah yen-doe mooy bee-ehn ehn elle trah-bah-hoh

poɾ lo ˈke ˈβeo | ˈno le esˈta ˈʝendo muj ˈβjen en el tɾaˈβaxo

A menos de que

A menos que

No creo que te vaya a poder ver, a menos que llegues muy temprano.

I don’t think I’ll be able to see you, unless you get here very early.

no kreh-oh keh teh vah-yah ah po-dehr ver, ah meh-noss keh yeh-guess mooy tem-prah-no

ˈno ˈkɾeo ˈke te ˈβaʝa a poˈðeɾ ˈβeɾ | a ˈmenos ˈke ˈʎeɣez muj temˈpɾano ‖

A opinión de

En opinión de

En opinión del gobierno federal, es indispensable mantener la seguridad de la zona.

In the federal government’s opinion, it’s indispensable to maintain the zone’s security.

ehn oh-pee-nee-ohn dell goh-bee-air-no feh-deh-ral, ess een-dees-pehn-sah-bleh man-teh-nehr la seh-goo-ree-dad deh la zo-nah

en opiˈnjon del ɣoˈβjeɾno feðeˈɾal | ˈes indispenˈsaβle manteˈneɾ la seɣuɾiˈðað ðe la ˈθona ‖

A pesar que

A pesar de que

A pesar de que está lloviendo, los niños fueron a jugar al parque.

Despite the rain, the kids still went to the park to play.

ah peh-sahr deh keh ess-tah yo-vee-ehn-doe, loss nee-nyoss foo-air-ohn ah who-gar all par-keh

a peˈsaɾ ðe ˈke esˈta ʎoˈβjendo | loz ˈniɲos ˈfweɾon a xuˈɣaɾ al ˈpaɾke ‖

A virtud de

En virtud de

La multa será aplicada en virtud de la ley.

The fine will be applied according to the law.

la mool-tah seh-rah ah-plee-cah-dah ehn veer-tood deh la ley

la ˈmulta seˈɾa apliˈkaða em biɾˈtuð ðe la ˈlej ‖

A objeto de

Con objeto de

Los estudiantes visitarán el zoológico con objeto de profundizar su aprendizaje de biología.

The students will visit the zoo in order to deepen their understanding of biology.

loss ess-too-dee-ahn-tess vee-see-ta-rahn elle zo-lo-he-coe con ob-heh-toe deh pro-foon-dee-zar soo ah-prehn-dee-sah-heh deh bee-oh-lo-he-ah

los estuˈðjantez βisitaˈɾan el θooˈloxiko kon oβˈxeto ðe pɾofundiˈθaɾ sw apɾendiˈθaxe ðe βjoloˈxia ‖

Al punto de

Hasta el punto de

El crimen ha incrementado hasta el punto de que los habitantes no quieren salir de sus casas.

The crime rate has increased to the point that locals don’t want to leave their houses.

elle cree-men ah een-creh-men-tah-doe ass-tah elle poon-toe deh keh loss ah-bee-tan-tess no key-air-ehn sah-leer deh soos cah-sas

el ˈkɾimen ˈa jnkɾemenˈtaðo ˈasta el ˈpunto ðe ˈke los aβiˈtantez ˈno ˈkjeɾen saˈliɾ ðe sus ˈkasas ‖

En relación a

En relación con

El uso de combustibles fósiles en esta ciudad se ha reducido un 10% en relación con 1980.

The use of fossil fuels in this city has reduced by 10% since 1980.

elle oo-so deh com-boos-tee-bless fo-see-less ehn ess-tah see-ooh-dad seh ah reh-doo-see-doe oon dee-ehss pore-see-ehn-toe ehn reh-lah-see-ohn con meel noh-veh-see-ehn-toss oh-chen-tah

el ˈuso ðe kombusˈtiβles ˈfosiles en ˈesta θjuˈðað se ˈa reðuˈθiðo wn 10% en relaˈθjon kon 1980

De acuerdo a

De acuerdo con

De acuerdo con las leyes sanitarias, es necesario usar cubrebocas dentro de los hospitales.

According to the sanitary laws, it’s necessary to use a face mask inside hospitals.

deh ah-coo-air-doe con lass leh-yess sah-nee-tah-ree-ass, es neh-seh-sah-ree-oh oo-sar coo-breh-bo-cass den-troh deh los oss-pee-tah-less

de aˈkweɾðo kon laz ˈleʝes saniˈtaɾjas | ˈez neθeˈsaɾjo wˈsaɾ kuβɾeˈβokaz ˈðentɾo ðe los ospiˈtales ‖

Vinculado a

Vinculado con

Arrestaron a un criminal vinculado con el crimen organizado.

They arrested a criminal related to organized crime.

ah-ress-tah-ron ah oon cree-mee-nal veen-coo-lah-doe con elle cree-mehn ore-gah-nee-sa-doe

aresˈtaɾon a wn kɾimiˈnal βinkuˈlaðo kon el ˈkɾimen oɾɣaniˈθaðo ‖

De arriba a abajo

De arriba abajo

Recuerda revisar tu asiento de arriba abajo antes de bajar del avión.

Remember to thoroughly check your seat as you get off the plane.

reh-coo-air-dah reh-vee-sar too ah-see-ehn-toe deh ah-ree-bah ah-bah-ho ahn-tess deh bah-har dell ah-vee-ohn

reˈkweɾða reβiˈsaɾ tw aˈsjento ðe aˈriβa aˈβaxo ˈantez ðe βaˈxaɾ ðel aˈβjon ‖

En base a

Con base en

Nuestros valores se forman con base en nuestra experiencia personal.

Our values are shaped based on our personal experience.

noo-ess-tross vah-loh-ress seh for-man con bah-seh ehn noo-ess-trah ex-is-tehn-see-ah per-so-nall

ˈnwestɾoz βaˈloɾes se ˈfoɾman kom ˈbase en ˈnwestɾa ekspeˈɾjenθja peɾsoˈnal ‖

Spanish prepositions song

Now that you have 46 prepositions to learn, you need an effective way to memorize them all. Even if you don’t consider yourself to be a particularly musical person, studies have shown time and time again that learning a language through music is extremely effective. If you’re looking for a catchy tune to knock out a few prepositions in Spanish, check out the video below!

Señor Zauche and the Montford Spanish Club


Where are prepositions used?

As implied by their name, prepositions are always used before the noun or pronoun. They always precede the noun phrase because they are used to connect them to the rest of the sentence. Think of prepositions as bridges, helping build connections between the nouns and everything else in your sentence.

How do you know when to use
a or de in Spanish?

De and a are two of the most common prepositions in Spanish, but they serve totally different functions. The preposition de is most commonly used to express:

  • Possession, such as “los zapatos de Pedro” (Pedro’s shoes)

  • Causation, such as “ya está cansada de llorar” (she’s tired of crying)

  • Characteristics, such as “los aviones de papel” (the paper planes)

On the other hand, the preposition a is most commonly used to express:

  • Direction, such as “Juan va a Medellín” (Juan is going to Medellín)

  • The future with an infinitive, such as “voy a cantar” (I am going to sing)

Give yourself a pat on the back for tackling prepositions head-on!

While learning how to use prepositions in Spanish can be tough, you’ve made the right choice to face this challenge head-on. Remember to be patient with yourself as you work your way to mastery! Even natives — who have been speaking Spanish their entire lives — make mistakes when using prepositions, so don’t feel bad if you mess up as you go.

If you enjoyed this article, make sure to check out some of our other grammar guides, like
how to conjugate the verb tener and the ultimate guide to Spanish accents!