Have you ever wondered which are the most spoken languages in the world? Although there are currently more than 7,000 languages, only 23 cover more than half of the world's population.
This is not just a matter of statistics: it is a fundamental fact when planning a global expansion strategy. Whether for work or personal use, knowledge of other languages opens up new horizons.
1. English (1.132 million speakers)
- Native speakers: 379 million
- Non-native speakers: 753 million
Like Latin or Greek back in the days, English is today's universal language. It is the default language in international business, tourism, technology, etc.
A bilingual person, speaking Spanish and English, is able to understand 1 from 3 people who connect to the Internet (Internet World Stats, 2019). In addition, he or she can access 60% of everything published on the web (W3Techs, 2019).[FB2].
2. Mandarin (1.117 million speakers)
- Native speakers: 918 million
- Non-native speakers: 199 million
When native and non-native speakers are added together, Mandarin is the second most spoken language in the world. However, it is the first if only native speakers are taken into account.
Mandarin is not really a language, but a set of dialects of the Chinese language. The fact that unifies these dialects under one name is that their speakers can understand each other.
Although 20% of those who connect to the Internet speak Chinese, little more than 1% of the content available on the web is in that language.
3. Hindi (615 million speakers)
- Native speakers: 341 million
- Non-native speakers: 274 million
Hindi is, along with English, one of the 22 official languages of India, the second-most-populous country in the world. The linguistic diversity of the region (more than 1,600 languages coexist) explains the high rate of non-native speakers who use it as a lingua franca.
4. Spanish (534 million speakers)
- Native speakers: 460 million
- Non-native speakers: 74 million
It is the second most spoken language in the world in terms of the number of native speakers. It is also the third most used on the Internet.
Its enormous colonial expansion took it not only to America but also to Africa and Asia. Due to migration, the United States is the country with the second-largest number of Spanish speakers in the world.
5. French (280 million speakers)
- Native speakers: 77 million
- Non-native speakers: 203 million
Colonialism allowed the French to spread throughout the world. Today it is the official language of 29 countries on different continents.
If English is the language of business, French was considered the language of culture. Its enormous importance is also reflected in the fact that it is the language with the third-largest number of non-native speakers.
6. Arabic (274 million speakers)
- Native speakers: 245 million
- Non-native speakers: 29 million
Arabic is the official language of 26 countries. Due to this territorial dispersion, it is actually a collection of dialects. It is also the liturgical language of Islam.
It is not only the language that treasures the enormous cultural legacy of the Arab world, but also a necessary tool for business in this part of the world.
7. Bengali (265 million speakers)
- Native speakers: 228 million
- Non-native speakers: 37 million
Bengali is the official language of Bangladesh. It may come as a surprise that a language spoken in such a small territory should appear on a list of the world's most spoken languages. However, the fact is explained by the population density of that region. It is also spoken in parts of India and Burma.
8. Russian (258 million speakers)
- Native speakers: 154 million
- Non-native speakers: 104 million
Less surprising is the inclusion of Russian among the world's most widely spoken languages if we consider its territorial extension. It is the official language of four countries but is also spoken in all those that were part of the former Soviet Union. It is the language with the largest number of native speakers in Europe.
9. Portuguese (234 million speakers)
- Native speakers: 221 million
- Non-native speakers: 13 million
Portuguese is another of the languages that expanded during the European colonial period. Today it is the official language of 9 countries divided between Europe, America, Africa, and Asia. The greatest exponent in terms of territorial extension and number of speakers is Brazil. It is also the most widely spoken language in the southern hemisphere.
10. Indonesian (198 million speakers)
- Native speakers: 43 million
- Non-native speakers: 155 million
It is the official language of Indonesia, the fourth most populous country in the world. It is unique in that it is not the native language of most of its speakers. It is therefore a second language necessary for mutual understanding in a country where there are more than 200 languages.